I am trying to figure out if the ancient gods could have been giants!
God?- Was God an ancient giant?
We can read in the Bible that the sons of God came to the daughters of man and that they bore children to them, and that these children were giants. So would it not be natural to assume that God and also his sons were quite tall? Could the Christian God have been an ancient giant?

The first sentence of the Old Testament is telling that God created the heavens and the earth; while the scientists claim that the start of the universe was a Big Bang.
What is true? I do not know - and I am more concerned about the most distant past of the human history than the creation of the universe. Because it seems like we have a hidden history; a distant past that it might be important for us to learn about no matter what religion you believe in. In this article I will look at scriptures and ancient legends to try to figure out what this hidden history might be.
Click on pictures and links for more info
"Mankind in our image"
Here is what the Old Testament says about the creation of us humans: "Then God said, "Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness (Genesis 1:26)."
    Who is God talking to?
    The word used in the original bible-scriptures was of course not the English word "God" but the Hebrew word "Elohim" - and "Elohim" is the plural form of the word "El". So the "God" of Genesis was one of many gods; he was clearly talking to his fellow gods!
    The god that suggested that they should make human beings was, according to the way the scriptures are interpreted, named Yahweh (YHWH), sometimes translated as Jehovah (the Jews started to use the word "Adonai", which means "Lord", just before the first century AD because they were afraid to break the second commandment telling that ; "You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain").
    So we seem to know that the god that suggested to create humans, and later became the Christian god, was named/called Yahweh. Yahweh became the national god of Israel, but originally he was one of many gods: The re-interpretation took place in the 7th to 6th century BC during the so called "one-god" ideology; the gods became to one God.
"Formed a man"
So how did these gods make humans? The Christan scriptures say that they "formed a man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life" (Genesis 2:7).
    Magic? Devine power? Science?
    Let us leave the Christian Bible for a second and take a look at the Sumerian texts. They are from the same area of the world, - but are, after what we know, older.
    One of the Sumerian gods is Enki, and he creates the first human by mixing the blod of one of the dead gods with clay - and form it to a human shape. Yes, very simular to the Christian creation!
    Why did the gods make humans?
    The Bible says: "So that they may rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the livestock and all the wild animals, and over all the creatures that move along the ground" (Genesis 1:26). The Sumerian texts on clay tablets from around 3000 BC seems to tell (according to most researchers) that it was more practical reasons; that the gods needed servants and others that could help out with
A coin apparently showing Yahweh as a bearded man seated on a winged and wheeled throne.
Sitchin and sumerian tablet
A coin apparently showing Yahweh as a bearded man seated on a winged and wheeled throne.
An ancient coin said to show Yahweh as a bearded man
the hard labour like farming.
    The Soviet-born American author Sacharia Sitchin (1920-2010) claimed that the Sumerian tablets are telling more: That it was a race of extraterrestrials from a planet called Nibiru, the Anunnaki, who created Homo sapiens by crossing extraterrestrial genes with those of Homo erectus - to use them as slaves in their gold mines on Earth.
Who was Yahweh?
So who was this Yahweh? Well, according to oldest biblical scriptures; Yahweh was a "divine warrior". He led the Israelites out of the wilderness and helped them fight against their enemies by the assistance of his army of angels.
     Some Egyptian texts say that he was a nomad from todays Jordan, and that he had followed the caravan routes from Egypt to Israel. According to some other sources; Yahweh was an ancient storm god; - his voice was like thunder.
    And how did Yahweh look? According to the Bible no one should see Yahweh - as he should have said it himself: "You cannot see my face, for no man can see me and live" (Exodus 33:20).
Moses - the most important prophet
The one that seemingly had the most direct contact with Yahweh was Moses.
    Moses is the most important prophet in Judaism and also an important prophet in both
Mount Sinai
Mount Sinai
Christianity and Islam. The Hebrew Bible tells that he was a former Egyptian prince who became the religious leader and lawgiver for the Israelites. Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt. When they came to the Red Sea then Moses shall have held out his staff; and the sea was parted by the help of God (Yahweh). When the Israelites had come across then Moses held out his staff again; the sea closed and drowned the pursuing Egyptian solders (Exodus 14).
    The Israelites then settled down at Mount Sinai where Yahweh gave Moses two stone tablets inscribed with the Ten Commandments. He did not see Yahweh but only heard his voice from a burning bush. Yes, the other times that Moses was in contact with Yahweh then he came in the form of fire at night and in a cloud at day: "the Lord appeared in the tabernacle in a pillar of a cloud". (Deuteronomy 31:15-17).
Skull of Akhenaten
Skull of Akhenaten
Akhenaten daughter
Akhenaten daughter
Ramses II
Ramses II
Moses and Akhenaten the same person?
The archaeologists say that there is no archaeological evidence to support the story told in the Book of Exodus, and they also question if Moses at all was a historical figure.
    Well, some speculate that Moses and the Egyptian pharaoh Akhenaten was the same person.
    Akhenaten, first known as Amenhotep IV, ruled for 17 years and died around year 1335 BC. He was, according to the statues of him, a strange looking person. He was unusual tall and had extremely wide hips and long backhead. DNA tests of what of some researches believe is the mummy of Akhenaten are said to have shown that was the father of the famed boy-king Tutankhamun. Also Tutankhamun and his sisters had extremely large backheads, and so did Akhenaten's wife Nefertiti. The large backheads did not only look strange but Tutankhamun and his family-members must have been extremely difficult to deliver for the mothers!

    Akhenaten tried to abolish ancient Egyptian religion with its many gods and replace it with one god (Amun) but was forced to abdicate the throne and to retreat to Sinai with his Egyptian and Israelite supporters.
    The kings (pharaohs) of Egypt claimed that they were descendants of the gods and it is said that the Egyptians considered them to be demigods ("Shemsu Hor"). The famous Egyptologist and archaeologist Prof. Walter B. Emery describes the most distant ancestors of the Egyptian rulers as being tall in stature and having large craniums, "reminiscent of Cro-Magnons", and also blond hair and fair complexions. Henry R. Hall at the British Museum said in the 1920s that the invaders who formed the early dynastic Egyptian type were "northern invaders," who formed an "aristocracy of northern (and possibly Nordic) origin," over the native Egyptians.
    The pharaoh Ramses II is a good example how special the aristocracy was: Not only did he have a Nordic-looking face and red-blond hair; he was about 2 meters tall, 1/2 meter taller than the average people. And almost 100 years old when he died! But one thing is a bit strange; the statues that are said to be of Ramses do not look like the mummy!
    The Talmud, the central text of Rabbinic Judaism, says that Moses was a very large child at the
age of three - and that he as an adult was ten cubits tall; about 4 and a half meters (15 feet)!
Was Yahweh tall?
El - very tall!
El - very tall, see the person to the left!
Baal Baal
Baal - tall warrior God
Asherah - very tall!
Asherah - very tall!
So Yahweh - was he tall as well? We do not know. But Yahweh was, as we have seen; one of the many gods, the Elohim.
    Some believe that El was another name for Yahweh - and point to Genesis 35:7 where it is written that Jacob builds an altar to "El, god of Israel" ('el 'elohe yišra'el").
    In 1929 the archaeologists found lots of clay tablets in the ancient city of Ugarit on the northern coast of Syria - and it is predominantly from these tablets we have our knowledge of El. He is here most often referred to as "the eternal King", "Creator of all living beings" and "Father of the gods." He was also called "El of the Mountain" since he was said to be living on a mountain (Mount Zaphon, sometimes accounted as the home of all the gods). He was often depicted as a bearded man but also symbolized by a bull. Ancient depictions also shows El to be very tall.
El shall have had seventy sons, and the most prominent was Baal; he became the military power of the gods.
    The Sumerian word "El" means "shining" or "bright". So
"Yahweh Elohim" could mean; 'leader of the shining/bright ones'.
    Yes, there is quite a lot of confusion when it comes to "El". Some claim, as written above, that El was the name of the supreme god of the Canaanite religion, god of the Mesopotamian Semites in the pre-Sargonic period - as well as the God of the Hebrew Bible. But as I have explained: "El" is the singular form of "Elohim" - "Gods".
    The Sumerian scriptures are very simular to the biblical texts when it comes to god/gods. Their creator god was named Anu and he lived on a mountain. He had a beard and was very tall. Anu's wife was named Asherah; and Asherah was also the name of El's wife! In addition to being very tall she was also very important ("Queen of heaven"); she shall have made a pact with the humans and the sons of El!
    Anu's son Enki created humans. Some read the ancient biblical scriptures to say that Yahweh was El's son - and we have seen that Yahweh did the same as Enki!
    Anunnaki? The word's meaning is "offspring of Anu", so they might have been the sons of the most ancient god/gods. Offspring
that became very interested in the humans - in one way or another..!
Heard his voice
    The Book of Ezekiel is one of the major prophetic books in the Old Testament. It has seven visions of Ezekiel, a prophet who was exiled in Babylon from 593-571 BC. It seems that God approaches Ezekiel as a divine warrior, riding in his chariot, telling Ezekiel that the people had become wicked and giving him instructions that he should tell his people about what might happen if they not changed their ways.
"The Bible says God measured out the heavens with a nine-inch span. Well…my span is eight and three-quarter inches long. So God's span is a quarter of an inch longer than mine. So you see God stands somewhere around 6'2",6'3", weighs somewhere in the neighbourhood of a couple hundred pounds, little better."
Kenneth Copeland
    Ezekiel's visions are not describing in detail how God looked, but in the first chapters you can read: "upon the likeness of the throne was the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon it. And I saw as the colour of amber, as the appearance of fire round about within it, from the appearance of his loins even upward, and from the appearance of his loins even downward, I saw as it were the appearance of fire, and it had brightness round about"
    You can also read that Ezekiel heard his voice and that God gave him a book and something to eat: "And when I looked, behold, an hand was sent unto me; and, lo, a roll of a book was therein", "So I opened my mouth, and he caused me to eat that roll."

    Also in the Book of Revelation of the New Testament you can read a bit about how God looked: "His head and hair were white like wool, as white as snow, and his eyes were like blazing fire. His feet were like bronze glowing in a furnace, and his voice was like the sound of rushing waters. In his right hand he held seven stars, and out of his mouth came a sharp double-edged sword. His face was like the sun shining in all its brilliance."
Many gods
Marduk and a king.
Marduk - tall.
Enki (Ea) creates humans
Enki (Ea) creates humans
I have explained about Yahweh, and that he was not the only god, but you might not be aware that the Bible names no less than 34 gods!
    One of the most important gods of the Bible was Marduk, the supreme god of Babylon. Babylon was the major city in ancient Mesopotamia, situated on the fertile plain between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. You will find the ruins 94 kilometres (59 miles) southwest of Baghdad in Iraq. "Babylon" is coming from Greek but is thought to have derived from the old Akkadian language, most probably meaning "Gate of the Gods". The name Babylon might today best be known from the Boney M. song "Rivers of Babylon", but by Babylon also feature in Genesis chapter 11, where God caused the people to speak in different languages after they against his will had started to built the tower of Babel in the city.
    Marduk shall have been the head of the Babylonian pantheon in the second millennium BC, and was regarded as the son of Ea (Sumerian Enki) and the heir of Anu.
    We can read about Marduk, Babylon and God's reaction in Jeremiah 51:44-46: "I will punish Marduk, the god of Babylon, and make him vomit up everything he gobbled down. Then nations will no longer bring him gifts, and Babylon's walls will crumble."
    How did he look? Well, he was said to have been the tallest among the gods, which is also the way he is depicted.
God takes Enoch - old drawing.

"Enoch walked faithfully with God; then he was no more, because God took him away."

Grandfather of Noah

One who can tell us quite a lot about the ancient gods and their offsprings was the patriarch Enoch. According to the Biblical scriptures; he was the seventh from Adam, and the grandfather of Noah.
     Enoch is just briefly mentioned in Genesis of the Hebrew Bible, but he is the subject of many Jewish and Christian writings. Three so-called apocryphal works are attributed to him: Book of Enoch (1st Book of Enoch), 2nd Book of Enoch and 3rd Book of Enoch.
    Remnants of several almost complete copies of The Book of Enoch were found among the Dead Sea Scrolls - a collection of almost thousand text discovered between 1946 and 1956 in caves 2 kilometres inland from the northwest shore of the Dead Sea in the West Bank. And additional little-known texts about or by Enoch were also found - like The Book of Giants.
Walked with God
Most people have hardly heard about Enoch, but he and his writings should have been very important for all Christians since he was so close to the God of the Christian Bible: It says that "Enoch walked faithfully with God; then he was no more, because God took him away." (Genesis 5:24).
    Well, let us first look at the original words: "Wa-yithalekh Hanokh et-ha-'elohim". Here we find it again: "'elohim". The word is translated as "God" but it is in fact also here in plural: "gods". Enoch walked with the gods! Not one god - but several of them!
    Let us now take a closer look at what Enoch can tell us:
Book of Enoch - Dead Sea scrolls
Book of Enoch
    This first part of the Book of Enoch (1st Book of Enoch), describes the fall of the Watchers. The common translation from the often hard to read pages, because the books are damaged, is that these Watchers were angels that had come down to Earth to watch over the humans. They had descended on Mount Hermon (2,814 m, at the border between Syria and Lebanon), at and they had showed the humans how to make knives, swords, shields, and how to use ornaments and cosmetics. They had also taught mankind astrology and meteorology, the art of writing with ink and paper - and taught "the children of men the bitter and the sweet and the secrets of wisdom." (I Enoch 69.8).
    The problem was that the Watchers began to lust for human women; they forgot their noble duties and had sexual relation with them (Book of Enoch - chapter VI): " And it came to pass when the children of men had multiplied that in those days were born unto them beautiful and comely daughters. And the angels, the children of the heaven, saw and lusted after them, and said to one another: 'Come, let us choose us wives from among the children of men and beget us children."
The events described in Genesis take place in the Ancient Near East: "Mesopotamia (modern Iraq, southeast Turkey, southwest Iran, northeastern Syria and Kuwait), ancient Egypt, ancient Iran (Elam, Media, Parthia and Persia), Anatolia/Asia Minor and Armenian Highlands (Turkey's Eastern Anatolia Region, Armenia, northwestern Iran, southern Georgia, and western Azerbaijan), the Levant (modern Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Israel, and Jordan), Cyprus and the Arabian Peninsula."
Daughters of men
In Genesis 6:1-4 we can read the following: "And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them. That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose."
    Yes, almost identical to what we can read in Enoch's book! And again: The word translated as "God" in the Bible was originally in plural; "bene elohim" meaning "the sons of the gods"!
    So what happened when the sons of the gods/angels/Watchers cohabited with the daughters of man?
    Well, according to the Bible, again Genesis 6:1-4: "There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown."
    Not a surprise; the women bore children to them.
Bore children to them
The Hebrew version is a bit different - here, we can read : "The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown."
    Again the words "son of God" should be "the sons of the gods" since the plural form "elohim" also was used here in both versions but we also can read about something/somebody that existed on earth "in those days": Giants/Nephilim.
Jesus and an angel
Jesus and an angel
    Some say that this is to by read that the giants/Nephilim were the sons of God(s) or the offspring of the sons of god and the daughters of men but the texts say that they, the giants/Nephilim, were on earth when the sons of God(s) came to the daughters of men.
    A question can be if it was the giants /Nephilim who were the mighty men of old or if it was the offspring of the sons of the gods and the daughter of men that were the mighty men of old.
    It seems that most traditional biblical scholars believe that the Nephilim were the product of relations between fallen angels and human woman. But there is an ongoing discussion if the angles were the sons of God or God's messengers.
Nephilim babies
So how did the daughters of the earth and their babies fare?
    Kebra Nagast or "Book of the Glory of Kings"; an account written of the origins of the Solomonic line of the Emperors of Ethiopia, tells of enormous Nephilim babies who could not fit in their human mother's wombs: "And the daughters of Cain with whom the "angels" had companied conceived, but they were unable to bring forth their children, and they died. And of the children who were in their wombs some died, and some came forth: having split open the bellies of their mothers they came forth by their navels". (iEn.6:6-8)
We can read something simular in Genesis 3:16: "I will surely multiply your pain in childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children." But this happened to Eve in the Garden of Eden. A serpent had approached Eve and urged her to eat from the forbidden tree: "For God does know that in the day you eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and you shall be as gods, knowing good and evil" (Genesis 3:5).
    Both Eva and Adam ate from the tree and suddenly "they knew that they were naked" - and "therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken." To the serpent God said "You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life" (Genesis 3:14).
    So who was this serpent - that obviously could walk upright before God cursed him? Traditional biblical scholars would say that the serpent was Satan, the Devil, in the disguise of a snake (without explaining how a snake could walk). Well, might be I can be free enough to ask if the serpent if fact was a Nephilim?
    Some believe that the fallen angles that had descended on Mount Hermon had introduced the "seed of the serpent" into the human race. And we know what this union has given as result: Yes, exactly - the giants/Nephilim. And, believe it or not: That Eva mated with the serpent and that their offspring was Cains has been taught the people in various forms for thousands of years!
The Nephilim grew, according to Enoch's book to a gigantic size - and created a lot of trouble: "Whose stature was each three hundred cubits. These devoured all which the labour of men produced; until it became impossible to feed them; When they turned themselves against men, in order to devour them; And began to injure birds, beasts, reptiles, and fishes, to eat their flesh one after another, and to drink their blood." "And men, being destroyed, cried out; and their voice reached to heaven." The angels looked down from heaven "and saw the quantity of blood which was shed on earth, and all the iniquity which was done upon it, and said one to another, It is the voice of their cries. The angels spoke to the Most High, the Great and Holy One, and the Lord said that the angels that had cohabited with the daughters of man should be punished: "Bind Azazyel hand and foot; cast him into darkness; and opening the desert which is in Dudael, cast him in there. Throw upon him hurled and pointed stones, covering him with darkness; There shall he remain for ever; cover his face, that he may not see the light." (300 cubits is about 135 meters, the same lenght as the ark,but there might be a mix-up between the many versions of curbit used)
    The Lord/Most High/Great/Holy One also told one of his other angels to go to see the son of Lamech: "Say to him in my name, Conceal thyself. Then explain to him the consummation which is about to take place; for all the earth shall perish; the waters of a deluge shall come over the whole earth, and all things which are in it shall be destroyed."
    The son of Lamech was Noah.

Wickedness of the human race
Genesis does not elaborate of the giants/Nephilim and it is not said if the offspring of the fallen angels/sons of God and daughters of the earth created problems for God/the gods - we only can read the following (Genesis 6-9) : "The LORD saw how great the wickedness of the human race had become on the earth, and that every inclination of the thoughts of the human heart was only evil all the time. The LORD regretted that he had made human beings on the earth, and his heart was deeply troubled. So the LORD said, "I will
wipe from the face of the earth the human race I have created-and with them the animals, the birds and the creatures that move along the ground - for I regret that I have made them."
     But God changed his mind and told Noah to build a large ark. When Noah, his family and all the animals are safe on board; God sends the Flood, which rised until all the mountains were covered and all life on Earth is destroyed. According to the Bible the ark came to rest on one of the tops of the mountains of Ararat in present-day Turkey. Noah and his family were safe and could start to repopulate the Earth.
Noah and the Ark has landed
The Ark has landed
Flood tablet
Flood tablet

Sumerian giant Ziusudra in ship

Ziusudra in his ship
Some biblical literalists say that the ones that God wanted to cleanse from the Earth with the Great Flood were the children that his sons had with the humans; the giants!
    Well, it does not seem like a hundred percent success - because the Bible and other scriptures tell about giants also after the deluge!
    Could it have been that one of the women aboard the ark already was pregnant with a giant, might be Noah's wife as some speculate? Or might be Noah himself had blood from the giants?
A strange son
Yes, it was something strange about Noah, because; as you can read in the Book of Enoch (Chapter CVI) about Noah and his birth: "a strange son, diverse from and unlike man, and resembling the sons of the God of heaven","his body was white as snow and red as the blooming of a rose, and the hair of his head and his long locks were white as wool, and his eyes beautiful". Yes, his father Lamech did not believe that Noah was sprung from him, but from the angles. He admits that in the generation of his father Jared some of the angels of heaven had "united themselves with women and commit sin with them, and have married some of them, and have begot children by them. And they shall produce on the earth giants not according to the spirit, but according to the flesh, and there shall be a great punishment on the earth, and the earth shall be cleansed from all impurity".
    The Sumerian flood myth is believed to be older than the ones in Genesis and Enoch's Book - with a short version as early as the third dynasty of Ur 2100-2000 BC:
    The assembly of gods make a command (Eridu Genesis): "By our hand a flood will sweep over the cities of the half-bushel baskets, and the country; the decision, that mankind is to be destroyed, has been made. A verdict, a command of the assembly, can not be revoked."
    The eleventh tablet of the Gilgamesh Epic describes how the gods sent a flood to destroy the world. The hero Utnapishtim was forewarned by Enki to built an ark and load it with pairs of animals. After the flood he sent out birds to look for dry land.

    Another Sumerian tablet indentifies the flood hero as the king Ziusudra; "the huge boat had been tossed about on the great waters," then the sun appears and Ziusudra opens a window, prostrates himself, and sacrifices an ox and a sheep".
     Yes, there are so many flood myths all around the world, more than 500 - and they are so very simular, even the ones from opposite side of the world. Very often there are giants involved and even if they were meant to be eradicated from earth by the flood it almost
Tall king, Marduk II
King Marduk
Blue eyes
Blue eyes
always seem as some of them manage to survive.
Tall kings
It seems that many of the descendants of the giant race that survived the flood, now often considered half-gods because they were the children "the sons of the gods begot with the daughters of man", became the kings/rulers of the post-deluge empires/kingdoms.
    I do believe that it is fair to say that kings of the ancient Mesopotamian area were very tall. We have depictions of them on ancient steles and tablets. Well, traditional scholars will claim that the depictions are exaggerated - that the kings and their followers that made the depictions wanted to show them more tall than they actually were; to emphasise the greatness of the rulers. But also the ancient texts from the clay tablets describes them as very tall, much taller that ordinary people. And as we can see from their features on the steles: they were also looking quite different to the people they ruled! Not only had their hair and beard been fashioned in a particular and almost impossible way, not only did they wear strange hats and garments and not only were they looking way more physically (and mentally) strong than the common people: Their facial features were different to the people of the area. And they often had blue eyes, wich was widely accepted as a sign of the gods.
Naram-Sin - king and god
Naram-Sin - king and god
King Ashurbanipal  hunts lion
King Ashurbanipal
Nine foot tall
Naram-Sin was a Mesopotamian king of the Akkadian Empire, who reigned ca. 2254-2218 BC. He was the grandson of King Sargon, the founder of the Dynasty of Akkad, also known as Sargon the Great. Naram-Sin was the first Mesopotamian king to claim divinity for himself and to have signed official documents with the seal of a god; - the god of Akkad. From a few Old Akkadian letters Naram-Sin was described as nine foot (2.7 m) tall giant who was "sired, born and suckled by gods"!
Ashurbanipal (668-627 BC), also was the last of the great kings of the empire of Assyria which reached from Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq) through Asia Minor (modern Turkey) and down through Egypt. He was a popular king but was known for his cruelty toward those he defeated (he shall have tread a dog-chain through a defeated king's jaw and forced him to live in a kennel). Ashurbanipal is best known for his enormous library at Nineveh. After his death the Assyrian Empire fell apart completely.
    Yes, the ancient kings of the Mesopotamian area are very often depicted as giants. Might be you think that this was why they became kings; that they were so tall and strong that they could take on anybody? Well, remember that they also were looking different, and that they obviously had superior skills and mental capacities. To be a tall and strong person does not necessary make you a king!
David and Goliath
King Og's bed
David and Goliath
King Og's bed
Goliath and Og
Goliath, the famous giant slain by the later king David, shall have been about 3,60 meters (12 feet) tall. He was one of the last giants, the Anakim.
    The Anakim was a race of giants descended from Anak mentioned in the Tanakh. They lived near Hebron in the south of Canaan, (Josh.15:13, 21:11).
    King David and his men had many encounters with giants on the battlefields, of Goliath's family and giants from Egypt.
    Another giant was Og. He was the king of the Amorites, descendants of Canaan, son of Ham (son of Noah). They are described as a powerful people of great stature "like the height of the cedars (Amos 2:9) as ," who had occupied the land east and west of the Jordan. King Og is being described as the last "of the remnant of the Rephaim" - giants.
Common belief
Well, there are today more that 2 billion people all over the world that are Christian and believe in the Christian Bible - and the Bible tells about giants.
That giants had lived on earth was also the common belief up to a few hundred years ago, and also what the first historians wrote as a fact.
    The Greek myths were not looked upon as fantasy but true stories: The Titans were a race of devine beings that lived in a time called the Golden Age, when men and gods lived together in prosperity (that ended when the titan Prometheus gave the fire to the humans). The titans were giants of incredible strength and knowledge; they lived at Mount Othrys in central Greece. The major deities of the Greek pantheon were the Twelve Olympians, who lived on Mount Olympus. The Titans and Olympians fought a ten years long war called Titanomachy.
    The legends of Egypt tells about several periods for humanity. "Zep Tepi" ("First Time"), was founded by "Builder Gods" who came from an island that sank during a
catastrophic flood. They recreated civilisation from memory.
    You will find same all over the world: Legends and myths tells about several periods on earth, and that there was a race of giants/gods that lived together with the ordinary humans. But they were much more advanced than the humans and they taught ordinary people their skills like farming, building and writing.  Yes, in the ancient time it was nothing special with living gods that were very tall, what we call today call
giants (the word "giant" was derived from Greek "gigantes".
Pyramids in Egypt
Pyramids in Egypt
Pyramids in Mexico
Pyramids in Mexico
Pyramids in China
Pyramids in China
Sacsayhuaman in Peru
Sacsayhuaman in Peru
Giant steps Sacsayhuaman
Giant steps Sacsayhuaman
Great Pyramid temple
Great Pyramid temple
The unfinished obelisk
The unfinished obelisk
The Baalbek trilithon
The Baalbek trilithon
The heaviest stone and the stone of the pregnant woman
The heaviest stones
Malta megalitic walls
Malta walls
Malta elongated skulls
Malta elongated skulls
Gilgal Refa'im wheel of giants
Gilgal Refa'im
Dolmen in Golan Heights
Dolmen in Golan Heights
Göbekli Tepe
Göbekli Tepe
Göbekli TepeEaster Island
Göbekli Tepe/Easter Island
Göbekli Tepe drawing
Göbekli Tepe drawing
So if the giants, the gods or the children the sons of god begot with the women of the earth, were so clever: Why don't we find any remnants after them? Should they not have built cities with great buildings - and enormous statues of themselves? Well, there might in fact be lots of remnants after the gods/halfgods//giants; there are thousands and thousands of megalithic structures all over the world! Have you not seen any? Might be it is because you have not been looking or because you are not aware that the explanations we have been given about many of the ancient megaliths do not hold water?
    First: Stone cannot be dated. You can date something found in the ground close to a megalith but that does not mean that the item was as old as the megalithic structure. You cannot say that a pyramid is 200 years old because you found a coin from the year 1715 dug down close to the pyramid's wall - if you understand what I mean!
    Let us take the pyramids of Egypt. Most scientists say that the Great Pyramid was made by the pharaoh Khufu, because they found his cartouche, signature, painted on a wall. Well, many incredible jars and other ancient items bear the signatures of pharaohs. But might be they found everything standing there like in a deserted city; pyramid, jars and the whole lot - and put their stamp on whatever they found to show that it belonged to them! Of course they also could have modified a lot of what they found, like carving a face on a sphinx of a lion or trying to make a pyramid into a tomb (no mummy has been found inside a pyramid at Giza). Yes, be aware that the Great Pyramid is superior compared to the other pyramids at Giza and other places in Egypt. The others might very well be later copies, because they get smaller and less well built the newer that are. The opposite should have been the case!
    The pharaohs might have remembered some of the techniques of the original builders but obviously not well enough to have the same success!
    You can find ancient pyramids all over the world; hundreds, if not thousands of them. The archaeologists try to explain how old they are and who built them, and in many cases they might be right but again; stone cannot be dated and kings and emperor might have taken credit for megalithic structures built before them. The legends are very simular; the large buildings of stone were made by giants, by gods that once walked on the earth.
2 million stones
The Great Pyramid is made from more that 2 million stones The casting stones are weighting about 10 tons each and the granite beams above the Kings Chamber weigh up to 70-80 tons each; said to have been ferried about 934 km down the river from a quarry at Aswan. The casting stones were fitting so closely and perfectly together that it would be very hard to replicate it today with modern tools and machines. The largest stone used at Giza is found in a temple besides Khafres' pyramid, it is estimated to weigh 468 ton; more than thirty fully loaded London double-decker buses. An unfinished obelisk at Aswan measures 42 meters (120-feet) and would have weighed over 1,168 tons when completed! The colossal statue of the enthroned Ramses was 19 meters high and weighing around 1000 tons - and the stone for this statue was transported 170 miles over land from Aswan to Thebes!
1.650 tons
You will also find heavy man-hewn stones in Lebanon. The Baalbek-trilithon is composed of three stones in what is called Jupiter Baal Temple, each weighing 750 tons each. Close to to the temple is an even heavier stone, the so called "Stone of the Pregnant Woman", it weighs an estimated 1,200 tons. Archaeologists from Germany have recently discovered another monolith, partly buried besides the "Stone of the Pregnant Woman. It is estimated to weight 1.650 tons, the heaviest and largest stone from antiquity found - so far. All the stones in Baalbak are said by the mainstream archaeologists to have been hewn by the Romans but there is some evidence that the stones predates their presence in the Middle East. Some parts of the structures, like the temple walls, might have been built by the Romans but also using stones they found already hewn and in place since they most probably would be unable to
move and lift such large stones.
The islands of giants
Malta, Comino and Gozo are three islands in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, not so far away from Egypt. Ancient megalithic monuments can be found on all the islands. They are often called "the islands of giants", since both the local population and the first archaeologist believed that the walls, statues, underground halls and other structures were built by a now extinct rase of giants. A temple complex at Gozo is called Ggantija - meaning "Giant's Place" - is dated to 3600-3000 BC.
    More than 7.000 skeletons were found in the ancient underground chambers of Hypogeum on Malta, and many then had elongated skulls. Some of the skulls were on display in a museum in Valletta but after 1985 those skulls and other strange skulls found on Malta disappeared.
The Wheel of Giants
In the Golan Heights region of Israel you can find an megalithic site called Gilgal Refa'im, "The Wheel of Giants". The"wheel" is made 40.000 tons of rocks placed in circles, with a largest diameter of about 160 meters. The wheel is said
to have been made by the same people that Goliath and king Og descended from; the refaim. They were the children of the before mentioned Anak of the bible: "..we saw men of giant stature...we seemed to ourselves like grasshoppers.." (Num. 13:33)
   In the late 1980's the archaeologist Jonathan Tubb and his team from the British Museum shall have unearthed the remains of some extremely tall people at the site of Tel es-Sa'idiyeh in the Golan Heights area. In the same area there are also hundreds of dolmen and tumuli (small mounds of stone), said to be graves but nobody really know what a dolmen originally was for and who made them. The legends often connect them to giants, some tell that the giants hid in them because something bad was about to happen.
Göbekli Tepe
Göbekli Tepe ("Potbelly Hill") is a prehistoric site 760 m (2,493 ft) above sea level near the city of Sanliurfa of Turkey (Upper Mesopotamia). It is dated to be about 12.000 years old. It has more than 200 stone pillars erected in 20 circles. Each pillar has a height of up to 6 m (20 ft) and a weight of up to 20 tons and they are placed into sockets hewn out of the bedrock. Göbekli Tepe was excavated by the German archaelog Klaus Schmidt and his team from 1996. Schmidt estimated that roughly five percent of the site has been excavated and the purpose of the structures is not yet clear.
    The "problem" with Göbekli Tepe is that it is too old: It was built 7,000 years before the Great Pyramid and more than 6,000 years before Stonehenge. Yes, the ruins are so old that they should predate villages, pottery, domesticated animals, and even agriculture. But still the archaeologists have found carved and polished circles of stone, with terrazzo flooring and double benches. The site is almost covered in graceful, naturalistic sculptures and bas-reliefs of animals. Many of the biggest pillars are carved with arms with jointed fingers (yes, the way they are holding the hands on the stomach are very simular to what you can find on the stone statues of Easter Island in the Pacific on the other side of the world!). Highly refined art - that should not exist in this time of pre-history! So who made Göbekli Tepe and why?
Take a look at the drawing of Göbekli Tepe. There is what must have been be a long entrance made of stone - almost like a tunnel leading to the circular stone walls around the inner room. Was it a kind of an underground fort? Were the solid stone walls and entrance meant to keep enemies out? Or can it be that the old legends and biblical stories telling about catastrophes and floods are true? Were the many ancient dolmen, mounds, pyramids and other megalithic structures not originally burial sites but meant to be a kind of life-rafts? Did they know that a catastrophe was coming? Did they try to save themselves against a world-wide flooding by building giant walls of stone? Did they, like legends in Spain say, try to seek shelter in dolmen of large
     Göbekli Tepe and many other megalithic monuments are situated on hills or mountain tops. Yes, the incredible site of Tiahuanacu (Tiwanaku) in Bolivia is 3,825 m (12,500 feet/2,5 miles) above sea level - the builders must have been desperate to make megalithic monuments, like pyramids, at a hight were the physical effort needed almost was impossible because of the thin air!
    Can it be that the megalithic structures were made so solid and hight above sea level to survive a deluge they knew were coming?
Peru Turkey
Kaukasus Easter Island
Easter Island
    The shape of the stones of the megalithic walls around the world are very often simular. They have a kind of pillow-shaped form and are interlocked in the most intricate (and almost impossible form taken the size of the stones into consideration). Was the interlocking to make the structures earthquake proof and the pillow shape to make room for a kind of waterproofing putty?
On a mountain
You have learned that (the Christian) God lives in heaven, right? Well, again: the first biblical scriptures do not tell that God live in a theological heaven. It was more earthbound then that: God lived on a mountain! In Amos 9:1-3 we can read that nobody can escape the time of judgement even if they climb up to heaven - and in the next verse that is explained as climbing to the top of Mount Carmel (a mountain range in northern Israel). Yes, in Exodus 19:20 and other Bible-scriptures we learn that God was on top of Mount Sinai when he called Moses up to him. Here everything higher up than normal ground is called "heaven". In 1 Enoch (1 En 6:6) the sons of God are said to be descending from Mount Hermon.
    Even the Sumerian tablets seems to tell that the gods lived up in the mountains, and alternative scholars like Boguslaw Lipinski suggest that the same Mount Hermon, a mountain cluster on the border between Syria and Lebanon (2,814 metres/9,232 ft), was the dwelling place for the Annunaki. And we of course remember that the Greek gods were residing atop Mount Olympus (and that Noahs ark landed in Mount Ararat).
    Well, it would of course be smart of the gods to reside on a mountain if they knew that a deluge was coming - and it would also be natural that survivors of a world wide flood would end up on mountain tops if they managed to make a boat in time!
A very distant past
The mainstream archaeologists say that many of the megaliths, like dolmen and pyramids, were tombs for deceased kings and that they were made by the ancestors of the locale people. But when the first explorers asked the natives who made the megaliths they told them that it was not their forefathers, but that the megalithic structures were made in a very distant past - by race of giants. So what is true? Well, their forefathers were hunters and collectors; so it is a fair question to ask if they had time, interest, tools or knowledge to make large structures of stone.

Jars of basalt
Jars of basalt
Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu
Thor Heyerdahl
Thor Heyerdahl
Inca and tall white person
Inca and tall white person
    So can it be that there once existed a race of tall humans or human-like beings that had a technology that was as good as, or better, than ours. Yes, many of the ancient megalithic structures and items found are of such a quality, size and precision that we should struggle greatly to make simular today with our modern equipment and tools!
    But have you noticed that many of the megaliths walls, seems to have built in two (or three if you add the most resent additions) disincentive periods? With enormous stones fitted with incredible precision at the bottom, and smaller stones placed with less precision higher up. Did the giants make walls to protect themselves against the catastrophe they knew was coming? Did the surviving giants try to rebuild their civilization after memory as legends say - but without the proper tools?
White, bearded gods
In many countries all over the world you will find legends telling that the gods had come across the ocean after a world wide catastrophe. They were tall, they were white skinned, they were blonde or read headed, and they often had blue eyes.
    The Norwegian researcher Thor Heyerdahl of the Kon-Tiki fame was often criticised because he talked about the "white bearded gods" - and claimed that he was a racist. But Heyerdahl only referred to the legends that he had heard - he could not care less if these gods where brown or pink! The legends told of white skinned and blond giants that often were said to be gods - and Heyerdahl followed them all the way from the Pacific islands to the Caucasus Mountains!

    When the first European explorers, like the Spanish conquistadors and the English missionaries, arrived in North- and South America they were told about a "bearded god" that in a distant past had visited their ancestors. He had thought them their culture but then he had left again - with a promise that he would return. So the natives were very happy to see the bearded men walk ashore from their ships - they believed that it was the god that returned!
    This bearded god was called Quetzalcoatl by the Aztecs of Central Mexico, Kukulkan by the Mayas of Mesoamerica and Viracocha by the Incas of South America. He was known as Votan in Palenque in southern Mexico, Zamna in the Mexican state of Izama, and also as Gucumatz in Central America. He was often called the "Feathered Serpent", and he and his men were often described as being very tall, bearded, with white skin and blue eyes. Also the tribes of what now is United States and Canada could tell the same story - that they had been visited in ancient time by white, bearded gods. Yes, it seems safe to say that almost every indigenous culture in the Americans have legends about this mysterious visitor or visitors. And believe it or not; you can find the same legends many other places in the world as well!
    Some Mormons believe that Quetzalcoatl was Jesus Christ, some believe that the gods were an ancient Aryan race that was worshipped worldwide, while others speculate that the gods were aliens that came from space down to Atlantis but were forced to move when Atlantis sank. The most accepted explanation to the legends in North- and South America is more down to earth; that there had been European exploiters visiting the Americas before the Christopher Columbus arrived in October 1492. Well, there are texts telling that a band of Irish monks led by Saint Brendan reached the Americas around 900 AD and we know that the Norwegian Viking Leif Erikson landed in what he called Vinland around your 1000 AD. So monks or Vikings could have been the white gods if it had been for the fact many of the legends are older. Might be even thousands of years older!

Pacal had beard
Pacal had beard
Pacal's sarcophagus lid
Pacal's sarcophagus lid
21 December 2012
One of the white and tall gods that I mentioned was Votan in southern Mexico. Pacal Votan, Pacal the Great, was a Maya that shall have lived from 603 to 683 AD. He became king when he was 12 years old and reigned until he died, 80 years old. His son shall have had six fingers. Some legends say that Pacal came from the stars while others that he came from far across the sea. He shall have had an enormous knowledge about space and cycles of time. He figured out that the earth, the sun would be on line with the centre of the Milky Way on 21 December 2012 and prophesised that this would make the magnetic poles on the sun change place rapidly and that the magnetic poles of the earth would do the same - with catastrophic consequences. Well, that did not happen but there were quite a few people around the world that were quite nervous on the 21st of December that year!
     Some believe that "Votan" was the same name as the Nordic god Odin, with whatever that could implicate. Votan is also known for his enormous sarcophagus lid in the pyramid of Palenque; some say that the engravings on it depicts a person travelling in a space ship.

Cycles of time
The legends of many lost civilisations tell that we have been through many cycles of time; that the humans - often with the help of the gods - built an advanced culture that suddenly disappeared.
    The Aztec people who once dominated large parts of Mesoamerica believed that he present world was preceded by four other cycles of creation and destruction. During the first age, the first Sun, the fours gods created giants from ashes. But a rivalry grew between of the gods, Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca. The sun was knocked from the sky, and in anger Tezcatlipoca sent jaguars to destroy the giants.
    The gods created a new group of people, and this time they were of normal size. Years passed but then the people of the Earth grew less and less civilized and stopped honouring the gods. Tezcatlipoca turned them into monkeys. Furious Quetzalcoatl sent a mighty hurricane that blew all of the monkeys from the face of the Earth.
    In the third Sun Tezcatlipoca shall have stolen the wife of another god, Tlaloc, who now shone as the sun. Tlaloc then refused to allow it to rain, even if the people begged him. In a fit of rage he answered their prayers by sending a rain of fire until the entire Earth had burned away.
    The gods then had to construct a whole new Earth from the ashes, and they selected Tlaloc's kind sister (and wife) Calchiuhtlicue to be the sun. But Tezcatlipoca became jealous and said that she only faked kindness to gain the people's praise. Chalchiuhtlicue was so angered by this that she sent a horrific flood that drowned everyone on Earth.
    would not accept the destruction of the people on the Earth and descended to the underworld where brought up the bones of the dead. He dipped them in his own blood and resurrected them - the people of today, the fifth Sun.
    Quetzalcoatl was as we have seen also the name of a god that visited many places of South- and Central-America but this bearded white god might have been a visitor from far away that took, or was given, his name after the creation gods!
    The Hopi of North America are descended from the ancient Pueblo peoples, and they call our time the "The Fourth Age of Man". According to them the first world ended when volcanoes all over the world erupted with an all consuming fire. The second age ended when the poles shifted; mountains fell into the seas and the Earth was covered with ice. The third world ended when water flooded the Earth; continents sunk and broke into many islands. This flood should have taken place approximately 11,000 - 12,000 years ago.
Cores of the Earth
Cores of the Earth
Ice-cores from Greenland
Ice-cores from Greenland
Enormous catastrophes
So have we had enormous catastrophes in the distant past? Has there been a deluge, has is "rained fire", have the poles shifted?
    We know that the magnetic poles on both the sun and the earth have shifted positions; in fact our sun's magnetic poles shift about every 11th year. The scientists believe that it is this reversal that makes the magnetic poles on our Earth also change places but that it takes thousands of years. So slow that it does not cause any catastrophe. The earth's axis slowly "wobbles" out of centre, and this also said to be another reason that the magnetic poles moves.
    Professor Charles H. Hapgood of the USA studied ancient maps of the world, and discovered to his surprise that several maps depicted an ice-free Antarctica. Hapgood hypothesized that the original maps had been drawn by an advanced civilization thousands of years earlier when Antarctica was without ice; that the pole once laid about 30 degrees further north. That the entire solid crust of our Earth had slipped on the mantel like the loose skin of an orange (a theory supported by Albert Einstein). Hapgood also believed that the Earth's axis had shifted numerous times; rapid pole shifts with catastrophic results, the last one about 10.000 years ago.     
Scientists earlier believed that ice ages have been coming and going very slowly but drilling into the glaciers of Greenland has shown that climate change occurs more rapidly than previously believed - and that the most recent ice age ended in just one year, 11.700 years ago.
    Some believe that the deluge myth may be based on a sudden rise in sea levels caused by the rapid draining of Lake Agassiz at the end of the last Ice Age, about 10,000 years ago. Ice covered parts of North America, northern Europe, and other regions and Lake Agassiz was an huge glacial lake located in the middle of the northern part of North America, and it held more water than contained by all lakes in the world today.
"There is now ample scientific evidence that a massive global cataclysm damaged our planet about 11,700 years ago. It could have from comet fragments, an energetic pulse from galactic center, and/or plasma ejection from the sun. I personally believe it was all of the above. And this would explain what happened to the great ancient megalithic builders."
Brien Foerster
     Professor Robert M Schoch, who has dated the Spinx to a much earlier date the previously thought, believes that we have had intense plasma outbursts from the sun that have affected the life on Earth. He agrees with earlier reseachers that nitrate events measured in ice cores correlate with solar events. And that a plasma event at the Younger Dryas cold spell (circa 10900 to 9700 BC) could have caused the end of the last ice age. And also that a major plasma event could have vaporised large amounts of water from lakes and oceans, which in turn would rain down continously and cause widespread flooding, - just like the story in Genesis. He also says that a major plasma phenomena could literally have inicerated the surface of the Earth, including human structures and artefacts. Only massive stone structures, megaliths like the Great Pyramid, would have a chanse of surviving: - Do some of these stone stuctures belong to another time - to the "world of the Gods"?, he asks in his article "Glass Castles & Fire from the Sky".
    Volcano eruptions have also played a important part in the Earth's history. About 200 million years ago almost 80 percent of the life on land and in sea went extinct but the biggest eruption is believed to have been at Yellowstone in the USA about 2.2 million years ago; an eruption that produced 2,500 cubic kilometres of ash! Another large eruption took place in Oregon in about 4895 BC.
    Raining fire? From the Bible, Genesis 19:24: "Then the LORD rained down fire and burning sulfur from the sky on Sodom and Gomorrah".
    Well, volcanoes can make it rain down fire but a number of astronomers believe the destruction of the sinful cities could have taken place and involve comet activity. During a disintegration of a comet in the Earth's atmosphere small and large chunks of rocky material can be seen falling from
Comet hits earth - illustration
Comet hits earth
Chevrons Madagascar
Chevrons Madagascar
heaven like "rain". And even a small meteor can produce a strong smell of sulphur. Archaeologists have found the ruins of two Bronze Age cities at the southern end of the Dead Sea Burnt and reddened, burned bricks have been found.
     What is called the Cretaceous extinction took place about 66 million years ago. It is believed that an enormous asteroid hit north of the Yucatan Peninsula. It shall have caused a global firestorm, followed by an extremely cold period and finally a global warming that extinguished the dinosaurs. Yes, about three-quarters of the plants and animals on Earth shall have died over a short period of time. Another massive and rapid global cooling shall have taken place about 12.900 years ago. 35 mammal species, including the mammoth, died out - and so did also the so-called human Clovis-culture. Nanodiamonds found across North America points to that a comet that exploded was the culprit.
    At the southern end of Madagascar, an island country in the Indian Ocean, lie four enormous sediment deposits, called chevrons, composed of material from the ocean floor. Each covers twice the area of Manhattan with sediment as deep as the Chrysler Building is high. A large asteroid or comet shall have smashed into the Ocean about 4,800 years ago, producing a tsunami at least 600 feet (180 m) high, about 13 times as tall as the one that devastated Indonesia in 2004.
"Forbidden Archaeology"
So it seems certain that we have had major catastrophes on Earth - but the how can catastrophes in the Cretaceous period 66 millions years ago have any relevance to human giants?
     The most accepted estimate of the time for the emergence of the first modern humans has just been moved from about 200,000
years ago to 400.000 years ago - but some researchers, like Michael Cremo, say that we have proof that Homo Sapiens has existed
Michael Cremo
Michael Cremo
Happisburgh footprints
Klerksdorp sphere
Klerksdorp sphere
Acambaro Figurines
Acambaro Figurines
on Earth for hundred of thousands or rather millions of years ago. In his book "Forbidden Archaeology" he is claiming that he has "over 900 pages of well-documented evidence suggesting that modern man did not evolve from ape man, but instead has co-existed with apes for millions of years". And that the scientific establishment has suppressed the fossil evidence of extreme human antiquity. Traditional archaeologists refute Cremo's claims, most probably without reading the book and taking a look at the evidence he is presenting, but every year we seems to get older and older dates for the first humans, so why not have an open mind?
One example of very ancient humanity are the Happisburgh Footprints on the coast of south-eastern England. In May 2013 archaeologists noticed that an area of newly exposed Early Pleistocene sediments was covered with human footprints. They concluded was that the footprints were made more than 780,000 years ago: "The humans of mixed ages were moving in a southerly direction across the mudflats of a tidally influenced river within the upper reaches of its estuary. The mudflats were rapidly buried by tidal processes with further silts."
     Even older are the "Klerksdorp spheres" They are small spherical objects found in almost 3 billion-year old deposits in a pyrophyllite mine near Ottosdal in South Africa. Roelf Marx, curator of the museum of Klerksdorp said: 'The spheres are a complete mystery. They look man-made, yet at the time in Earth's history when they came to rest in this rock no intelligent life existed."
 The "Ica stones" is a collection of andesite stones with depictions of dinosaurs and humans together. The National University of Engineering of Peru tested them in 1966 and concluded that the stones were of Pre-Hispanic origin. Of course some perople have been making fakes to make money by selling them to the tourists but the Ica tombs in Paracas and Tiahuanaco are dating from 500 B.C. to 1,000 AD. Some of the stones are depicting dinosaurs with spines and other anatomical features that only recently have been discovered by paleontologists. Can it be that tall humans did co-exist with dinosaurs (notice that the human fighting a Tyrannosaurus rex is very tall)?
    The so-called "Acambaro Figurines", 32.000 of them, depicted all types of creatures - also dinosaurs. Most scientists believe that the figurines are not genuine; the main argument is of course that the dinosaurs died out long before homo sapiens came to existence. Well, thermoluminescence testing has shown that the figurines are about 4500 years old. So how could somebody make a figurine depicting a dinosaur, when fossil records of dinosaurs did not exist?
    On the walls of a temple near Angkor Wat in Cambodia there are hundreds of carvings of animals and one of the carvings seems to be of a Stegosaurus dinosaur! Again; most scientists say that this is a hoax or that the depiction does not show a dinosaur. But research has shown that the carved figure is very old - and it definitely looks like a Stegosaurus!
    Also Australian Aborigines have ancient stories of encounters with huge animals that best can be described as dinosaurs.
Killed them all
Ok. Let us say that we have had humans, or human-like beings, in a very, very distant past, and that they had technology to make megalithic structures of a size and/or quality we have trouble replicating. Where are they today? If a worldwide catastrophe killed them all; why don't we find bones after them - gigantic or not?
    Well, under the right conditions, a human skeleton can be quite intact for millions of years but under the wrong ones, it might be less than 50 years before it is gone. Peat bogs, ice and dry deserts will give a naturally mummification. Sometimes ancient skeletons have turned into fossils; the bones have gradually been replaced with minerals, kind of turning them to 'rock'. It is said that it has been found more that 6,000 fossils of early humans, and there are new discoveries done every year.
    But what do think would have happened if a gigantic comet had crashed into the ocean and raised a several hundred meter tall tsunami that rushed around the world? Even if the humans/human beings/giants knew the comet was coming and tried to make enormous walls of stone to protect themselves it would be in vain. They would be washed to the sea. Some might be washed into caves or buried under ground but the majority of them would have ended up at the bottom of the oceans. And then debris like ashes, rock and sand would have covered them.
    Well, what do we find under the sea bottoms today - that is so important to us? The answer is of course oil/petroleum.
    I once asked an American scientist if there ever has been found human DNA in crude oil. He replied that he found my question very interesting but that crude oil was formed under such an intense heat and pressure that no DNA would survive.
    Ok, we know that crude oil is a fossil fuel; formed when dead organisms, like algae, plants and animals are buried under sedimentary rock (rock formed in a geological process involving sediments, soil, rocks and usually water). So what do you think
about the idea that you might be driving your car on the remains of ancient giants?
Vitrified stone Peru
Vitrified stone Peru
Puma Punku
Puma Punku
Bumpa in Tibet
Bumpa in Tibet
Gold mask Figurine Tibet
Figurine Tibet

Tall munch Tibet

Tall monks Tibet
Upheaval of mountains
Many mainstream scientists still say that we have not had any world wide catastrophes but this is about to change with the resent studying of gigantic craters and layers of ash. And it is not difficult to find chevrons (large deposits of sand and/or stones) many places in the world, fossils of seashells on mountaintops, gigantic salt flats, drumlins after ocean waves and stones vitrified by enormous heat.
    Yes, it can really be asked if not the legends telling about upheaval of mountains are true when you see the up to 130 tons stone blocks in Puma Punka in Tiwanaku, Bolivia. It almost looks like they have been thrown around by a giant's hands as some legends say but I guess legends about rising mountains are more plausible. Puma Punka is said to have been a ocean-port but it is almost 4,000 meters (13,000 ft.) above sea level and it is just about 20 kilometres (12 miles) from the banks of Lake Titiacaca. Titicaca is a land-locked salt-water sea, with an abundance of oceanic creatures living in the lake, and the area around is almost covered with fossilized sea shells. Yellow-white deposits in long, straight lines shows where the prehistoric water level was but they are tilted - even if they once must have been level. The geologists say that the uplift of the land must have happened about "100 million years ago". But who lived at that time to make legends about it? And who made the ocean-harbour of enormous stone blocks in a time when there supposedly were no humans on Earth?
    You find salt lakes many places in the world, and some of them are high up in the mountains like Lake Titicaca. Like Lake Nam (Namtso, "Heavenly Lake") in Tibet. The lake lies at an elevation of 4,718 m (15,479 ft) and has a surface area of 1,920 km2 (740 sq mi). This salt lake is the largest lake in the Tibet Autonomous Region. Well, it was no surprise to me that there are ancient megaliths in the area. And I also discovered that some of the megaliths are simular to what we find other places in the world. The round stone houses from ancient times called "bumpa" looked very much like the ones on Easter Island (Rapa Nui) called "tupa", and the ancient stones houses in the mountains of Peru called "chupa". Very old gold figurines had faces that looked like the statues on Easter Island and South America, with squarish hair or hats. And of course there are legends of giants that "in a time before" had to retreat to underground cities because of a world wide catastrophe. Yes, Hitler sent an expedition to Tibet to find a race of superhuman tall people, the Aryans (more about this a little later). You will find some very tall people in Tibet even today and an interesting question is if the reason is that Tibetan inherited a beneficial high-altitude gene from archaic Denisovan people, as a new research shows.
    It is said that Lake Nam was "born" in the Paleogene age that began 66 million years ago and ended 23.03 million years ago, as a result of Himalayan tectonic plate movements. The preceding age was the Cretaceous Period with the large animals and plants. Well, you you have just seen the Ica-stone depicting a tall human besides a dinosaur..!

Oldest hominin species
Lucy, fund in Ethiopia in 1974 was for quite a long time the oldest hominin species (Australopithecus afarensis ) to have been found. Her bones were dated to be about 3.2 millions year old. But she was far from any giant, Lucy (AL 288-1) was only about 107 centimeters (3'6") tall and she had a brain about the size of a
The skull of Ardi.
Homo Erectus
Sapiens and Neanderthal
Sapiens - Neanderthal
Neanderthal, Cro-Magnon , modern man
Cro-Magnon middle
chimpanzee's. Ardi, (Ardipithecus ramidus) also found in Ethiopia, in 2008, beat Lucy's record: Ardi is estimated have lived about 4.4 million years ago, and to be about 120 centimetres tall. Lucy and Ardi were fairly complete skeletons but there have been found smaller parts of homoinin species that have been dated to be older. Toumai (TM266 - Sahelanthropus tchadensis), also found in Africa, seems to hold the record with about 7 million years. What was found was a relatively small cranium, five pieces of jaw, and some teeth. The braincase was 320 cm³ to 380 cm³, while modern human's brain has a volume of 1350 cm³.
    1.5 million years ago we had according to the scientists developed from the "apeman" Ardipithecus Ramidus to Homo Erectus, who was in average 1.79 meter (5 ft 10 in) tall - and then about half a million years ago to Homo Heidelbergensis, who was a centimetre taller or so.
     The Neanderthal (Homo Neanderthalensis), who is believed to have lived from about 600.000 to 20.000 years ago, was shorter with 1.65 (5 ft 5 in) meter in average. The Neanderthals had an average cranial volume of 1600 cm3, notably larger than the average for modern humans. The scientists have quite recently learned that the Neanderthal was cleverer than earlier believed. This archaic homo species most probably had a language, lived in complex social groups, buried their dead, cooked the food and made artistic drawings on cave walls.
    Ever heard about the Cro-Magnons? They were a hominin species that is believed to have lived in Europe between 40,000 and 10,000 years ago. They were so simular to modern man that they no longer is classified as an own species. But they were taller and more muscular than modern man and had a larger brain. Their brain capacity was about 1,600 cm3 , the same as the Neanderthal man, but in their foreheads were fairly straight and with only slight brow ridges. They hunted with spears, javelins, and spear-throwers. Some ask if Cro-Magnon was a hybrid race because it appeared so suddenly, - and if this species was responsible for the rapid development of civilisation in Europe; if they were the gods of ancient times.     The Cro-Magnon is today believed to have stood on average 176.2 cm (5 feet 9 1/3 inches) tall but Cro-Magnon was earlier said to have been more than 2 meters tall (7 feet). DNA-testing of remains has identified the mtDNA as haplogroup N, typical of the descendants in Central Asia.
    The Cro-Magnon man was tall, but he was dwarfed by Meganthropus - if he ever lived. Yes, there are claims that Meganthropus was about 2.75 m (9 feet) tall! Well, Meganthropus was a name given to several large jaw and skull fragments found in Central Java, Indonesia in 1891 and 1892. It was at the time believed that Meganthropus had been a separate hominin species and was given the scientific name Meganthropus palaeojavanicus. But today the scientists say that the Meganthropus fossils is falling within the variation of Homo erectus with about the same hight, and shy away from the suggestion that the "Java man" had been a species of human giants. Meganthropus has lead to much controversy in the scientific world for many years. Burned wood was found in the layers with the Java Man fossils dating to around from 500,000 to 830,000 BP but hardly anybody believe that Meganthropus lived that long ago.
Fossilized remains

Berger showing bone
Berger showing bone
Vekua showing bone
Vekua showing bone
If you want to study fossilized remains after what we can call giants, tall hominins, you can to travel to South Africa. Professor Lee Berger is a renowned paleoanthropologist at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, and he can show you bones of hominins that were at least 7 feet tall - and he says that there are lot of them in South Africa: - These individuals are extraordinary, they are giants, Berger says.
    He is quite sure that archaic humans went to a period of what we can call gigantism about 350,000-400,000 years ago. He prefers to call then call them archaic Homo Sapiens but says that some people refer to them as Homo Heidelbergensis.2
    Channel One, the major broadcasting company in Russia, had in 2008 a long news-report showing how a team of researchers found giants human bones in Borjomi in Georgia, close to the Caucasus mountains. The person in the report showing the bones and telling that they belonged to a giant estimated be between 2.50 to 3 meters tall (about 9 to 10 feet) is Prof. Dr. Abesalom Vekua. Unfortunately he has now passed
away but he was a leading scientific researcher of the Georgian National Museum and famous for finding human fossils in Dmanisi dated to be 1.8 million years old. One of the members of the expedition, Otar Baghaturia, has confirmed by email to me that the news report indeed is true: - What we found exceeded all expectations, he wrote.
Yes, there have been found quite a lot of bones of what we can call ancient giants but a problem is that in some countries, like the USA, all old human remains has been reburied because of regulations like the American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990. Another problem is that old skeletons very often turn to dust when they are exposed to air. And of course, like earlier mentioned; that bone can disintegrate fast.
    You will find many articles in old newspapers telling that large skeletons was found by well-known archaeologists and sent to museums but very often the skeletons have gone missing. Often together with registration of the archaeological reports; something I have experienced myself
I have been warned that my reesearch can be dangerous
I have been warned
several times when contacting the museums. Some say that this is because mainstream science wants to suppress that our human history is different to what we have learned in school, and that both human remain and reports have been deliberately destroyed. Yes, it can seem that we shall not know that tall hominins have existed, - and I have myself been warned that my research can be dangerous!
Well, some of the tall humans "from a time before" have been mummified - either naturally by dry
Tarim mummy - the cherchen man.
air, peat or frost - or artificial means.
    I have already mentioned the mummies of Egypt but there are others.
   Excavations in the Tarim Basin in Xinjiang province of western China have uncovered more than 100 naturally mummified corpses, 2,400-4,000 years old; preserved by the arid climate of the Gobi desert. Some of them were more than 2 meters tall, in spite of the shrinkage during the many years, and European looking. The mummies are still a kind of a mystery but DNA testing shows that the mummies are of Haplogroup R1a (Y-DNA), characteristic of western Eurasia in the area of East-Central Europe, Central Asia and Indus Valley. Not Chinese.
    In a private gold museum in Peru you can see the mummified heads of pre-historic "Inca kings". They are about twice as big as a normal heads. The skeletons are not there any longer but the clothes are, and they are of corresponding size. A tunic is over eight feet tall and tailored to hang straight down and not intended to drag on the floor behind the king. I was in touch with the museum and asked about pictures found on the internet and they at first confirmed that "this mummy is property or our Museum" but when I explained more in another e-mail, then they suddenly claimed that
From the gold museum
From the gold museum
historical data found on the internet in most cases is false. Well, I managed to get in touch with the son of the person who had taken the pictures at the museum, Chase Kimball, and his email to me was quite clear: "I just spoke to my father, Glenn Kimball concerning this email. Glenn is not a liar. He lived there for two years and measured the mummies himself. It is interesting that every time a skeleton or mummy of unusual size is found scientists claim that they were just deformed because it doesn't conform to what they believe to be natural human evolution."
Considered gods
Let us take a closer look at the giants that the legends say came from across the oceans after a great deluge or suddenly turned up after a gigantic catastrophe. They were considered gods because of their skills and because they were so tall. Very often they had light skin, blond hair and blue eyes. They, and/or their descendants very often became the rulers of the countries where they lived.
Egypt Turkey
India Peru
    Well, we have already mentioned that several of the Egyptian pharaohs were tall and Caucasian looking.
     Horus was the principal God of ancient Egypt and his right eye was associated with the sun god, Ra: the so-called Wedjat Eye or Eye of Horus. It was always depicted blue and was also a symbol of protection, royal power and good health. Many of the pharaohs and other royals considered themselves as descendants from the gods and many paintings in and around tombs show them with blond hair and blue eyes.
    The ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia thought that blue eyes were a sign of the gods and also that the royal people often were fair haired and had blue eyes - as many of the statues and busts of them show.
    In Central- and South-America we have legends of Viracocha, Kukulkan, Quetzalcoatl, Gucumatz, Votan and Zamna. It is almost as if this god was one and same person; being tall, bearded, with white skin, and emerald blue eyes. There has quite recently been found a more than thousand years old mummy in Huaca Pucllana pyramid ruins of Peru's with blue eyes; "Lady of the Mask".
    Shiva, is one of most important gods of Hinduism. The name Shiva is meaning "The Auspicious One", but he is also known as Mahadeva ("Great God"). He is usually depicted with white skin and blue eyes, and often with a third eye and bracelets of snakes. (when the Polynesian legends tell that they came from their legendary home country of Hiva - it could very well be they said "the land of Shiva", since "s" and "h" often are interchanged in polynesian dialects). Another major Hindu god was Buddha, and also he was often depicted with blue eyes.
"Blazing fire"
It is not so easy to find anything about blue eyes or skin colour in the Old Testament. We can read that Isaac got at wife sent to him from Haram, - and that she, Rebekah, was "very fair" but nothing about the eye colour (Rebekah gave birth to twins Esau and Jacob - Esau had red hair). Haran is usually identified with Harran, an ancient Hurrian city within present-day Turkey.
    From the New Testament (Revelation 1:14–16) we read that God's eyes were like "blazing fire" and his face was like "the sun shining in all its brilliance."
    In Enoch 2 (The Book of the Secrets of Enoch) we can read that two Watchers, also called Shining Ones, appeared to Moses's father, Amram,: "And there appeared two men very tall, such as I have never seen on earth. And their faces shone like the sun, and their eyes were like burning lamps"
    Some claim that the reason that Enoch's book was excluded from the Bible is that it contains information on the true identity of the Shining Ones/Watchers: That they were a race that had created mankind. They were of flesh and blood and walked with the humans but were non-human. It is also said that the Sumerian tablets tell that in the earliest times of Mesopotamia all land were owned by these gods and men were their slaves.

Adolf Hitler and Madame Blavatsky
Well, you will find these tall, blond and blue eyed gods in legends all over the world. It was this ancient race of "supermen" that Adolf Hitler and the Nazis tried to recreate. It was in 1935 that Heinrich Himmler & Co founded an institute that should research the history of the Aryan race: They wanted to prove that the Aryans once had ruled the world. Hitler sent out expeditions almost all over the world to find remains of the Aryans - like to Tibet and Antarctica. Hitler also wanted to recreate this super race, and among Dr Mengele's ("The Angel Of Death") bizarre experiments was to fuse the eggs of twins in the mother's wombs to try to get offsprings tall as giants. To mate strong blond and blue eyed men with blond and blue eyed women was also a part of the program - and they shall have kidnapped many hundred thousand blond-haired, blue-eyed children from occupied countries.
But the idea of a white, blond-haired, blue-eyed Nordic looking master race was not new; it was introduced in the United States at least two decades earlier.
    Madame Blavatsky (Helena Petrovna Blavatsky 1831 -1891) was the founder of Theosophy and of many considered an enlightened guru. She wrote: "The Aryan races, for instance, now varying from dark brown, almost black, red-brown-yellow, down to the whitest creamy colour, are yet all of one and the same stock - the Fifth Root-Race - and spring from one single progenitor, who is said to have lived over 18,000,000 years ago,
and also 850,000 years ago - at the time of the sinking of the last remnants of the great continent of Atlantis."
Me as young, very blond.
I was very blond
My foot and footprint in Kiribati
My foot and footprint
My daughter and giant grave
Sonia at giant grave
A Fijian chief
A Fijian chief
Closer to the gods
I have blue eyes and my hair was very blond when I was young living in Norway. Nordic looking - even if I was not very tall at all. My features might have been a big plus when I sailed around from island to island in the Pacific because the islanders often believed that I; a white man with blond hair and especially blue eyes, was closer to the gods than them (yes, on most islands they still secretly believed in their old gods even if they went to church every day). But I rather that the people like me for the person I am than for the colour of my eyes!
    Thor Heyerdahl heard as mentioned legends of white, bearded gods all over the Pacific and he followed the trace of them all the way to the Caucasus Mountains.
    Often they legends of the Pacific tells that they came from the east - and in Kiribati white people today are called "imatang"; "people from east". I found footprints of the giants that the people of Kiribati believed had visited their islands in a distant past - and the largest was as least twice the size of my foot.
    Yes, all over the Pacific the old men told me their legends about the giants and showed me where they were buried - and later when I settled down in Tuvalu two Japanese archaeologists visiting the country were asked to open the huge grave of a giant. But in the last minute the digging was cancelled - the people thought it would be dangerous to disturb the spirit of the giant (my daughter Sonia could not believe that they were stopped; because it was the people that had asked them to dig!). The unusually tall royal family of Tonga used to be very proud of being descendants of the giants - and up to quite resently they only could marry within their family to keep the blood after them. Also many of the members of the old chiefly families in Fiji are very tall.

All had brown eyes
So where does the blue eyes come from? Well, an earlier belief was that blue eyes was a simple recessive trait but in 2008 a new research found that it was a single genetic mutation that had lead to blue eyes: - Originally, we all had brown eyes, said Hans Eiberg at Copenhagen University in Denmark.
    His reseach suggests that the mutation might have arisen in the northwestern part of the Black Sea region, and that the DNA indicates they blue eyed people may have a single common ancestor. It is believed that this happened 6,000 to 10,000 years ago but Eiberg said it is difficult to calculate the age of the mutation.
    Blue eyes are quite common in northern and eastern Europe, particularly around the Baltic Sea, but blue eyes are also found in Southern Europe and Western Asia - especially among the Jewish population of Israel. A study of 1911 showed that 53.7% of Ukrainian Jews had blue eyes. In Ireland and Scotland 86% of people have either blue or green eyes.
La Brana 1
La Brana 1
    Researchers ask if the remains of a man that was discovered about 5,000ft (1,500 meters) up in the mountains of north-west Spain in 2006 was those of the first blue eyed man. DNA taken from a tooth showed that he had dark hair and skin, but deep blue eyes. The experts were also astonished to find this ancient man, named La Brana 1, had a combination of African and European genes, showed genetic similarities to Scandinavians and also shared a common ancestor with people who lived in Siberia more than 20,000 years ago. La Brana 1 was one of two unusually well preserved male skeletons found in the La Brana-Arintero cave system and both individuals have been dated to be around 7,000 years old.
    The researchers now ask if the spread of alleles associated with blue eyes might have preceded the changes in skin pigmentation.
Struggle for power
We have all learned in school about the struggle for power between the church and the kings in the old days, but what has this struggle to do with giants?
    Let us again look at the ancient Egypt. During possessions statues of their gods were carried on the shoulders of the priests, and the bystanders could come with pleas. In the role of oracles the gods could give a yes or no to the written questions, through the priests. Offerings to the gods: like flowers and food, or votive stelae (monuments to honour the gods) - even mummies of animals sacred to the gods, should be made in the temple courts. This way the priests took a role as self-appointed mediators between the (departed) gods and the people: The priests could not make the gods come back again but they said they could contact them in a spiritual way. Yes, this mediating role gave the priests of Egypt (and later the Christian church) both wealth and power!
The god Ptah
The god Ptah
    So what about the kings? The pharaohs were looked upon as divine rulers - kings that deputized for the gods. They were even believed to be sons of the gods, and that they could make sure the Nile gave them water and fertile soil and keep their people safe. As mediators between ordinary humans and the gods they, as the priests, had enormous power. And of course the people had to bring the pharaohs offerings and work hard to keep them happy.     By the way - have you noticed that the pharaohs always are depicted with false beards? Even the female pharaoh Hatshepsut used a false beard - and it was not to look like a man. The aim of the beard was to link themselves to the gods by imitating their appearance!
    Yes, we can easily see that there would be a power struggle in ancient Egypt between the priests and the kings. Both parties claimed to have contact with the gods - in a spiritual way or a more physical. When the years passed it of course became more and more difficult for the pharaohs to claim that they had the blood from the gods - getting children with slaves and commoners made the royal families look like ordinary people and not like the tall, blond gods! The priests also had their problems - they could not make the gods come back again in a physical form and it was not always that the predictions from their oracles were successful. A smart trick was of course to claim that the gods had departed to a spiritual heaven up in the sky since they no longer came down from the mountains to help the people. The gods that has been physical beings on Earth suddenly became a supernatural entity nobody could see!
    Egypt is the best example of the start of the power struggle because there are so much left after the ancient rulers in form of mummies, statues, steles and hieroglyphs, drawings etc. But I believe you could find a simular development many places in the world where the legends say that gods once had walked on Earth together with ordinary humans.
The missing link
Colossi of Memnon
Colossi of Memnon
When the tall beings that were called gods in ancient times, because of their appearance, knowledge and superior technology, disappeared it seems that the problems fairly quick mounted up. The children that the sons that the gods had begot with the daughters of men would of course have tried to remember how their forefathers had made the megalithic structores and impressive items, it but might be they neither had the physical strength, the mental capacity or the necessary tools.
    The gods had, according to scriptures and legends, helped the ordinary people to change their lives from being food collectors living from what they could find to being farmers and fishermen. They built houses instead of seeking shelter from the sun under trees and from rain and cold in caves. The people changed from living in families or small tribes to live in large societies where the gods could help them, but when the gods left they were too many in one place ands without their help they would many times face starvation. So most probably they "invented" religion with the hope that their prayers could make the gods come back to help them.
    That gods that were very tall once had lived on our planet was the common belief even among scientists before Charles Darwin in 1859 presented his theory saying that natural selection was the cause of evolution: Humans had evolved from apes. Over a long, long period of time we had changed from walking like apes to walk upright, from putting fruits in the mouth to cracking nuts, from using a stone to crack the nuts to invent a nutcracker… yeah, you got the picture. Suddenly the giants of the legends, Bible and other religious scriptures were just myths, fairy tales and fantasy.
    Well, might be we humans have had a development like the evolutionists say but might be creationists in a way are right too? Might be the "missing link" are the gods that in a way created us homo sapiens sapiens by the help of DNA experiments and then
showed us how to use fig leaves as clothes and how to make tools?
Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu
    Something has happened that does not fit in the normal way of looking at evolution; from smaller to bigger, from simple to complex. The pyramids in Egypt were getting smaller and smaller instead of larger and larger, the stone walls of Peru were getting less and less impressive, the statues of Easter Island were getting less and less polished. And suddenly the knowledge on how to make the megalithic structures and items was gone. Without the gods the humans had to manage by themselves.
     Those who had been leading the societies because of their traits from the gods; the height, the blond hair and the blue eyes, came in conflict with the priests that had served the gods. The kings cling to the statement that they were descendants of the gods and married within the royal family to keep their blood. The priests claimed that the gods now lived in a spiritual heaven up in the sky (and not on a mountain as originally believed) - and that they still had contact with them by prayers and that they could help people to get help from the gods..
The Norse god Odin
The Ynglinga saga was written by Snorri Sturluson (1179 -1241) on Iceland in the 13th century. Snorri was a historian, poet and politician (elected twice as lawspeaker of the Icelandic parliament). He suggested that the mythological gods had been human kings and war leaders. That their funeral sites developed cults and that the king or warrior finally was remembered only as a god.
    Thor Heyerdahl believed that Snorri might have been right - and asked if it was a very smart and very human chief (and tall?) that had taken the same name as the Norse god Odin when he immigrated to Scandinavia from the eastern side of the Black Sea to escape from the Roman expansion ("The Search for Odin") .
    Heyerdahl got a lot of critique for this theory but Heyerdahl travelled to where he believed that the chief might have come from. And during the first excavation in year 2000 his archaeologists found more than 35,000 ancient objects. Among them was a ring-pin to fasten garments dated to 1st-2nd centuries AD and a sword from the same period. And they showed that it clearly had been a connection between the steppe region of the Black Sea and Scandinavia.
    The sagas written by Snorri tell that the Viking chiefs and kings often were blond, blue eyed and tall - in a
Rollo - Gzanger Rolv
period of time where common people had a bit darker complexion and were short. The most famous Viking ship of Norway, the Oseberg ship, had many beautifully crafted grave goods - and also skeletons of two women; both exceptionally tall. It has been speculated that the oldest woman might have been Queen Åsa, the grandmother of the first Norwegian king; Harald Fairhair. Timber in the grave chamber dates the burial to 834 AD, and DNA sequenced from bones of the youngest woman showed haplogroup U7 - she/they most probably came from the district around the Black Sea. In another Viking ship, the Gokstad ship, it was found a skeleton of a chief or king that would have been almost 2 meters tall.
    The royal men very often got children with women that were commoners so their blood quite quickly must have been thinned out. But the Ahmad ibn Fadlan, a 10th-century Arab traveler wrote about the Norse vargangians he met in the Tatarstan territories in Russia, to the northeast of the Black Sea: "I have never seen more perfect physical specimens, tall as date palms, blond and ruddy"
    A famous Viking was Ganger Rolv - Rollo the Walker - so called because he was such a giant that no horse strong was enough to carry him. Ganger Rolv (about 850 -930) was born of noble Norwegian linage and he became the first ruler of Normandie, a region of France. Rollo was the forefather of the Duke of Normandy who conquered England and thus also the forefather of the English royal family of today.
Could the tall "gods" - with blue eyes, fair skin and blonde hair - that became the kings of Norway and so many other places in the world have been Scythians?
    The Scythians were according to Wikipedia "a large group of Iranian Eurasian nomads who were mentioned by the literate peoples surrounding them as inhabiting large areas in the central Eurasian steppes from about the 9th century BC until about the 1st century BC. The "classical Scythians" known to ancient Greek historians were located in the northern Black Sea and fore-Caucasus region. Other Scythian groups documented by Assyrian, Achaemenid and Chinese sources show that they also existed in Central Asia,
where they were referred to as the Iskuzai/Askuzai."
     One Scythian legend tells that the first Scythian king, Targitaus, was the child of the sky-god and the daughter of the river Dnieper. Targitaus shall have lived a thousand years before the Persian invasion of Scythia - around 1,500 BC. Another legend tells that the first Scythian king was a child of the Greek giant Hercules (son of the god Zeus) and Echidna (half human, half god - half beautiful maiden, half fearsome snake). Other legends tell that the Scythian came from the southern part of Central Asia but had to move westwards because of wars with other tribes.
    Senior researcher Andrew Gregorovich at the Ukrainian Cultural Centre in Toronto has studied the Scythians for more the 35 years. Gregorovich says that the ancient Kingdom of Scythia existed in Ukraine between 700 and 200 B.C., and writes in his introduction to "Scythian Mysteries". "Originally it was thought for over two thousand years that the Scythians were a short, yellow, Mongol people who had come from central Asia but archeologists now know that "The
Scythians were a tall, white European people whose kings were 2 metres (6'6") tall."
Salbyk kurgan in Southern Siberia
Salbyk kurgan
Scythian gold
Scythian gold

    The Scythian buried their dead in burial mounds called "kurgan" (derived from "castle") and kurgans have been found from Mongolia to Balkans, through Ukrainian and south Russian steppes. Some kurgans reveal traces of Greek, Chinese and Indian craftsmanship, - and the archaeologist have been surprised to find extremely rich jewellery, very often made of exquisite gold (one kurgan had 1,200 gold artefacts). In the kurgan called Sengileevskoe-2 they also found gold bowls with coatings indicating a strong opium beverage was used while cannabis was burning nearby. Well, a small leather bag full of cannabis was also found in the Oseberg ship and it is believed that the older woman used it as a pain reliever - or to get in touch with her gods.
    The Scythians may have given rise to the Greek stories of Amazons, the tall women that fought like men. Graves of armed females have been found in southern Ukraine and Russia - and yes they were tall!
Altai Mountains
Altai Mountains
Altai region of Mongolia
DNA of ancient Scythian warriors who lived more than 2,000 years ago in the Altai region of Mongolia showed that there had been a blending between Asians and Europeans. And it is now thought that this blending was a result of expansion of Central Asian populations and not due to an eastwards European migration as earlier believed.
    The Altai Mountains (meaning Gold Mountains) is a mountain range in Central Asia, where Russia, Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia come together. The highest mountain is Khüiten Peak in Mongolia with 4,374 m.
    Just north of the Mongolian border is Altai Krai. Part of the Altai Mountains but in the in the souther part of Siberia, and a republic (federal subject) of Russia. The ethnicity of the republic is according to Wikipedia unclear; proposals by scholars include Turkic, Mongolic, Yeniseian, Tocharian, Iranian and Uralic.
Denisova Cave
Denisova Cave
Denisova cave
In 2008 russian archaelogists found ancient bones in the Denisova cave in Altai Krai. The cave is located 670 m above the sea level. What was first found was a small bone fragment from the pinkie finger of a young hominin. The bone fragment was sent to the Max Planck Institute in Leipzig, Germany, for genetic analysis. The researchers were shocked; the finger was not human! It was a remnant of a previously unknown hominin, distinct from both early modern humans and Neanderthals. There were also excavated artefacts close to the bones at the same level that were carbon dated to around 40.000 BP.
Denisova Tooth
    Later two other fossils were found that contain DNA similar to that of the finger bone, both of them molars. The first tooth was bigger than a modern human tooth or even a Neanderthal tooth, and the second molar had a chewing surface twice that of a human molar. It was so big that the paleoanthropologists first mistook it for a cave bear tooth!
    The teeth had been found the same cave chamber that had yielded the finger bone, near the bottom of the same layer of deposits. The finger bone had belonged to a female, and it was unusually broad and robust, well outside what is seen in modern people.
    New state-of-the-art DNA analysis suggested that the girl lived at least 50.000 years ago and that two other Denisova individuals died in the cave at least 110,000 years ago - and perhaps as early as 170,00 years ago!
Cave and artifacts
Very beautiful bracelet
- The fossil (finger bone) was found with modern technology and ornaments, including a very beautiful bracelet, one of the researchers said.
    The bracelet that was made of polished dark green chloritolite. It was delicately shaped, highly polished, and demonstrated a high level of technological skills; a hole for a pendant less than 8 mm wide was drilled with a tapered drill that must have been running with considerable speed!
    - The bracelet is stunning - in bright sunlight it reflects the sun rays, at night by the fire it casts a deep shade of green, said Anatoly Derevyanko, Director of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography in Novosibirsk.
Drilled hole
   How does this make any sense? Non-humans that used advanced human technology and made fancy jewellery? The scientists suggest that the Denisovans were more advanced than Homo sapiens and Neanderthals but they have no explanations to why they had such skills and used modern techniques!
Very tall?
Findings in and around the cave also show that Denisovans, Neanderthals and Homo Sapiens lived more or less together in the area at the same time in pre-history - and that they interbred. And by comparing the genomes the scientists also believe that the earliest Denisovans interbred with a yet-to-be-identified relative of the modern humans.
    We do not know how the Denisovans looked like but the extremely large teeth and finger bone have made the researchers suggest that they must have been "extremely robust". Hmm, what about saying straight out that they must have been very tall?
    In another article I have asked if Denisova giants were the first, very tall, kings of Egypt and if their advanced technology "capsized" the Earth. Was it the Denisovans that the Homo Sapians, us humans, called gods? It this the reason why the children that "the sons of the gods begot with the daughters of men" according to the Bible were giants?
    Or might be it was the unknown race of hominins?
Me on History Channel
Me on History Channel
Denisova allele frequency
Denisova frequency
"Search for the Lost Giants"
In 2015 the History Channel aired a series called "Search for the Lost Giants"; and I was presented as an explorer and researcher in an episode called "The Giant Curse".
    In the program it was said that my theory was that the Denisovans had moved southeast from the Altai Mountains to the coast, out in the Pacific Ocean and then island hopped until they reached the Americas.
    Well, resent research has shown that east Indonesians, and the Mamanwa group of the Philippines, have all inherited genetic material from Denisovans, and so has the ancestors the people of the Pacific island nations of Papua New Guinea, Bougainville, Cook Islands, Futuna, Niue, Samoa, Tokelau, Tonga and Tuvalu. And so do Aboriginal Australians. Plus some native Indians of North America. So my theory seems to hold but there is one strange thing about it all: There are very little Denisova DNA found in east and central Asian besides the DNA found in the Altai Mountains - and east and central Asia the place where they should have started out from!
    What if it was the other way around? That the legends telling that the people of the Pacific islands had to flee because of a catastrophe that made the sea rise rapidly are true? That it once was a large continent in the Pacific, like Mu as James Churchward claimed, that disappeared in the ocean and that the people had to do island hopping on the sinking continent to the reach the mainland of the Americas, Asia and Australia.
The sons of Noah
Let us go back to the Christian Bible, to Genesis 9:18: "Now the sons of Noah who came out of the ark were Shem and Ham and Japheth; and Ham was the father of Canaan. These three were the sons of Noah, and from these the whole earth was populated."
    Many have wondered why the sentence "and Ham was the father of Canaan" was added - and some scholars suggest that the reason was that Ham had intercourse with his father's wife.
    The biblical story goes that Noah after planting a wine yard had been drinking too much wine and fell asleep naked in his tent. Ham saw him and told his two brothers about it. The brothers went backwards into the tent and put a peace of clothing over Noah so that nobody should see his nakedness. When Noah woke up he did not thank his sons but cursed Ham and the son he would get; Canaan (- with his wife).
    Yes, Canaan seems to have inherited some bad blood. Not only did he settle in a land that was not given to him, from Lebanon to Egypt, his descendants the Amorites were according to the Book of Jubilees (xxix 9:11) not very nice people: "the Amorites dwelt in their stead, wicked and sinful, and there is no people to-day which has wrought to the full all their sins, and they have no longer length of life on the earth". In the Book of Deuteronomy (3:11) the king Og of the Amorites is described as the last of the giants (here named Rephaites). Yes, you remember king Og?
    And what about Noah's other grandchildren? Well, Ham's son Cush was according to Genesis 10:8 "the father of Nimrod, who became a mighty warrior on the earth". The original word for "mighty" was "gibbor" - and "gibbor" has several connotations; the Jewish translators of the Hebrew bible to the Septuagint rendered the word as “giant”. Ham's other son Mizraim fathered Caphtor, the ancestor of the Philistines and the Caphtorim. Goliath was a giant Philistine warrior and the Bible (2 Samuel 21:15–22) mentions four more Philistine giants who were relatives of Goliath. The Capthorim shall have been a shorter race of giants.
Gog and Magog in parade London
Gog and Magog in parade
    Also Japheth seems to have fathered a generation of giants, especially through the two eldest sons Gomer and Magog. They shall have lived to the north of Caucasus Mountains but came in conflict with each other. Gomer's descendants first had to migrate to the area around the Black Sea but were driven to west by Magog's descendants (that later were called Scythians) - some say even over the ocean to the Americas. Noah's third son was Shem, and one his sons were Elam. Elam is the ancient name for Iran. "Aryan" is an ancient form of "Iran" - and we remember how Adolf Hitler tried to recreate Aryan supermen!
    The names of the grandsons of Noah is today most often considered to be the names of group of people and not individuals - or the areas where the people came from. The Captorium is probably meant to be the giants from Crete; most scholars consider Caphtor to be the ancient name for Crete and the surrounding islands. Yes, we remember that Crete is called "the island of giants"! Mizraim is the Hebrew and Aramaic name for the land of Egypt, so it can be that some of descendants of Noah came from came from Egypt - or moved to Egypt.

Got it all wrong
Some scholars suggest that Ham had blood from destructive giants - giants that God wanted to eradicate with the Flood. But what if we have got it all wrong?
    Remember why Noah had to build an ark?  Here it is (Genesis 6:6): "The LORD saw how great the wickedness of the human race had become on the earth, and that every inclination of the thoughts of the human heart was only evil all the time." And then (Genesis 6:7): "So the LORD said, "I will wipe from the face of the earth the human race I have created - and with them the animals, the birds and the creatures that move along the ground - for I regret that I have made them."
Elohim - about 2.30 m tall
  Most Christian scholars believe that God saved Noah because he was a righteous man who God felt pity for. But remember that the scriptures say that Noahs was a strange child, who his father believed was conceived by the Watchers/The Heavenly Beings. It is also written that he was "the eight"; the eight major patriarch in straight line from Adam. And that "he walked with God" (- or more correct "he walked with the gods"). Yes, it is written that God (the gods) found only one godly family left among the people on Earth; that of Noah.
    So might be that Noah, and even his wife, their sons and daughters, had the blood from a race of giants/gods - that he/they were Nephilim (or even Elohim)? Was it important for the gods to save Noah and his family; so that they could repopulate the world, - not with wicked human blood but with the blood of themselves; the Elohim - the gods?
What colour is God's skin
"What colour is God's skin" is the title of a song from the 1960s. Well, the answer in the children's song is "it's black, brown, it's yellow, it is red, it is white".
    But is must be hard for the kids to imagine a God with that many skin colours… And when they ask where God lives, then we point up to heaven; - but the kids see nothing there but the clouds, the sun and the blue sky!
God?    And we adults? Well, many people kind of think of an old, wise man that we cannot see but lives in a kind of theological heaven. A kind of spirit we only pray to, even if he most often not seems to answer our prayers - at least not with a voice we can hear. Yes, it must be hard for many people of today's technical world to believe in a God that seems as unreal as Donald Duck!
    It was much easier in the very, very old days; some time before Christianity. People could see the gods because they lived with them. The gods taught them how to farm, how to make houses and how write. The people knew their names, the names of their wives and their children. They knew how that looked and how they dresses - and they knew what were the gods duties and special skills. And the people often knew who of the male gods that got children with ordinary women; semi-deities that also might be able to help out if needed (like in wars) because they were so tall and strong. Semi-deities that often became their kings/emperors/rulers/chiefs - also because of their skills and wisdom.
Let us just take three samples from Europe:
    Nabu was an important Babylonian god. He was the firstborn son to (the god) Marduk and his spouse Sarpanitum - and Ea's (the god of wisdom) grandson. He had two consorts: Tashmetum and Nissaba. Nabu resided in his temple of Ezida in Borsippa, and was the god of wisdom and writing. He was also Marduk's minister and keeper of the Tablets of Destiny, which recorded the fate of mankind. Nabu's influence on Mesopotamian culture is significant well into the later periods - and he appears in the Bible as Nebo. Nabu shall have been introduced to Mesopotamia by the Amorites just after 2000 BC.
    I have earlier mentioned Gilgamesh who was a Sumrian demigod. He was the son of Lugalbanda and Ninsumun, both of the godly line. Gilgamesh's son was according to the Sumerian king list Urlungal of Uruk; the sixth Sumerian ruler in the First Dynasty of Uruk (ca. 26th century BC). Gilgamesh was a giant of superhuman strength. He shall have built walls of the city Uruk to defend his people. Gilgamesh and his son shall have rebuilt the sanctuary of the goddess Ninlil in her city of Nippur. He shall also have travelled to meet the sage Utnapishtim, who survived the Great Flood. Gilgamesh is generally seen by scholars as a historical figure, and if he existed, he probably was a king who reigned sometime between 2800 and 2500 BC.
    Hercules is the Roman name for the Greek hero and demigod Heracles, who was the son of the major god Zeus. His mother was a mortal woman named Alcmene, the wife of Amphitryon (the king of Thebes), and was conceived while Amphitryon was away. Zeus is the son of Cronus and Rhea. Cronus is the son of the earth goddess Gaia and the sky god Uranus, while Rhea was his sister (and wife). Hercules/Heracles was famous for his strength and the many adventures fighting beasts, and for aiding the gods in their war against the Giants (which earned him immortality and a life among the gods at Olympus). Hercules/Heracles was a giant of a man and he fathered countless children.
Basis in reality
Most people consider stories like the above being just ancient fairy tales; myths that has nothing to do with reality. But in older times people believed them to be true and in resent times several important archaeological discoveries has been done because researches wanted to figure out if the myths/legends/biblical stories could have some basis in reality - like the finding of biblical Troy and the walls of Jericho. Yes, Thor Heyerdahl followed the legends from the Pacific islands all the way to the Caucasus Mountains and it seems quite clear that he was on the right track looking for the ancient "white, bearded gods"!
"The Kolbrin Bible, also dubbed the Bronzebook or Coelbook, is the only remaining document of its kind to narrate the entire story of the human genesis, from the first people who walked on Earth prior to the arrival of Adam and Eve, to the great Egyptian rulers. According to this ancient text, the term “Fallen Angel” mentioned in Genesis refers to mortal men who married the daughters of Adam and Eve and had children together, instead of the common belief of holy or angelic beings.
It’s also mentioned that these men descended from a highly advanced earthly society which survived the early cataclysms by hiding in underground shelters. They were known as “The Sons of God” and the above-mentioned catastrophe came as a result of their actions."
About the Kolbrin Bible
    Of course; the contents of many stories have changed quite a bit from the original because they first were told from mouth to mouth for hundreds or even thousands of years - but the storytelling was the ancient days' internet, newspapers and history books. Often the stories were made in to poems, songs or rhythmic verses to make it easier to remember them. The stories of the gods and the demigods were the most important to remember and some royal families can even today trace their ancestry all the way back to them.
    Let us go back to Noah: Noah had three sons; Shem, Ham, and Japheth - no daughters. From these three sons and their wives (it was eight people onboard the ark) Noah got sixteen grandsons - no granddaughters. Yes, these sixteen grandchildren - all male - went according to the Bible out to repopulate the world. And what about the very first people on Earth? Well, God created Adam in his own image and then Eve is created from one of Adam's ribs to be his companion. Adam and Eve are listed as having three children, Cain, Abel and Seth, - and then "other sons and daughters". You will find the phrase "other sons and daughters" also when it comes to Noah's grandchildren but it always seems such a strange adherance that I wonder it this is something that has been introduced to the scriptures at a later stage.
    Most people say that the male dominance in the scriptures (hmmm…even when it comes to "God our Father" - not "Mother"..) is because the male dominant societies of the older times - that the ladies were hardly worth mentioning. I am far from sure this is so.
Daughters of God
    We have read about the sons of God but where will you find daughters of God? Remember Genesis 6:2?: "That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose." And Book of Enoch where the 200 watchers/fallen angels/sons of God took human wives?
    Might be the sons of God had trouble finding women of their own race - and not that the daughters of the God were so ugly that they preferred blond human girls?? Or might be God only had sons - that his genes/sperm predominantly produced males (and remember that "God" originally was "Gods")?
    Well, the God(s) of the Bible definitely knew that it had to be one of each gender to get offsprings; in Genesis 6:19-20 he instructs Noah to bring two of every kind onboard the ark!
"Who am I?"
It is about time to get to what is said to be the two most important questions for every living person: "Who am I?", "Where did I come from?"
Stephen Hawking: "There is no God."

"If God did not exist, it would be necessary to invent him." Voltaire
Today's Christian Bible tells us that God created us. But remember that it originally was written "the gods" and that the same - that there were humanlike beings that created humans looking like them - is found in so many legends and religions all over the world.
   The scientific answer to the first question is that you are a Homo sapiens (latin: "wise person") - or rather a Homo sapiens sapiens which is the full term for us moden humans, and excludes Nean
derthals and other extinct species of the genus Homo.
    The scientists' answer to where you come from is a little more diffuse - there are now two main theories: The one that has been lasting the longest is that we are of recent African origin; that archaic humans evolved to anatomically modern humans solely in Africa between 200,000 and 60,000 years ago (but Neanderthal DNA account for 1-4 percent of the genome of the modern humans found in Eurasia but is very uncommon or absent in most Sub-Sahara African people). A bit more resent is the theory that we are of multiregional origin; that the human species first arose around two million years ago and subsequent evolution has been within a single, continuous human species. But since 2010, genetic research has led to an intermediate position; mostly recent African origin plus limited admixture with archaic humans; through interbreeding of modern humans with Neanderthals, Denisovans, and/or possibly other archaic humans.
   Not any wiser?
   Well, DNA-research the very last years (this aricle is written in 2016) have made the picture even more unclear.
From the webpage Understanding DNA: "DNA is the carrier of our genetic information, and is passed down from generation to generation. All of the cells in our bodies, except red blood cells, contain a copy of our DNA."
DNA Mutation
DNA Mutation
    Wikipedia is a little bit more specific: "Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a molecule that carries most of the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses."
    A new study at Standford suggests that the humans "were able to spread out and take over the world because of a new DNA change (or mutation) that popped up in their DNA 85,000 or so years ago." And that it was this change/mutation that made the ancient humans move from Africa (the most common theory is that Homo sapiens moved out of Africa around 100,000 years ago, spread across Asia around 60,000 years ago and arrived on new continents and islands since then)
What can change the DNA?
According to Stanford The Tech: "Mutations happen in many ways. Every cell in your body has a complete set of DNA, which copies itself to create new cells in the body. Sometimes there are simple copying errors or "typos" that are made when DNA makes copies of itself. These can happen at any "letter" or nucleotide and are random."
    So what can cause this "typos"; is it just a random error that can happen to humans at any time? Is it anything in our environment that can cause the changes?
    Again according to Stanford The Tech: "The environment can also cause DNA mutations. Sunlight, cigarette smoke, and radiation are all known to cause changes to our DNA. These are also random and can happen anywhere in the DNA sequence. Sometimes these mutations don't change a gene at all and the protein stays the same."

Solar outburst
Solar outbursts
    Professor Robert M. Schoch is not only suggesting that major plasma events on the sun could have caused widespread floodings like the story in Genesis, but that also the human race could have been seriously affected. He explains that the plasma discharges are electrical in nature - and that laboratory studies has shown that plant seeds and fish eggs that is subjected to strong electrical fields can be altered genetically. He asks if the humans that survived plasma outbursts from the sun could have been altered genetically, mentally, and physically. He asks if this could have happened at the end of the last ace age about 12,000 years ago but also if such plasma events could have wiped out very advanced civilizations in much, much earlier times.
Taller an taller
The theory of human evolution says that between 8 and 4 million years ago; first the gorillas and then the chimpanzees "split from the line leading to humans". Human DNA is about 94 percent identical to that of chimpanzees. New evidence suggests that our earliest apelike ancestors started walking on two legs because it required less energy; and that this lead to new pattern of behaviour and eventually a bigger brain.
    The most resent theory is that there were about 15 to 20 different species of very early humans but that the majority simply died out. Homo habilis, which is believed to have evolved about 2.8 million years ago, is said to have been the first species to use stone tools. The brain of Homo habilis shall have been about the same size as a chimpanzee, half that of a modern human; about 640 cm³. It has been suggested that this was the time in which the human SRGAP2 gene doubled, and during the next million years or so the cranial capacity of the very first hominins had doubled to 850 cm3. It has been said that this lead to the arrival of Homo erectus; the first standing human; Homo erectus then evolved to more advanced humans - and finally to us modern Homo sapiens sapiens.
Human evolution - wrong
Human evolution wrong?
    The very common illustration of our family tree from monkeys to modern man (to the right) shows that not only did we get bigger brains but we also became taller and taller. Well, you and I know that this is not 100 percent correct; we did not become gradually taller and taller; we had some "ups and downs"! And we of course remember that this also goes for the size of the brain. An example is the "Skull 1470" discovered in 1972 in Kenya, Africa. There has been a couple of reconstructions done of the fragments found - and plenty of discussions about this - but the first
Human evolution - wrong
Skull 1470
evaluation was that the skull was nearly 3 million years old and had a brain case of almost 800 cm3. This does not of course fit very well with the theory of evolution - the 1470-man lived at the same time as, or before, Homo habilis and should have a much, much smaller brain (and less modern looking skull)! So the controversy has lasted for many years, but most scientists today claim that 1470 was a Homo rudolfensis - a species that co-existed in northern Kenya with three other species (Homo habilis, Homo erectus, and Paranthropus boisei) sometime between 2.0 and 1.5 million years ago.
    I believe that the scientists should take another look at all the fossil records and get everything correct. But it seems like they do not want to - of one reason or another.

Became extinct
In Wikipedia there is an article about archaic human admixture with modern humans, and we can read the following: "No evidence of Neanderthal mitochondrial DNA has been found in
modern humans. This would suggest that successful admixture with Neanderthals happened paternally rather than maternally on the side of Neanderthals. Possible hypotheses are that Neanderthal mtDNA had detrimental mutations that led to the extinction of carriers, that the hybrid offspring of Neanderthal mothers were raised in Neanderthal groups and became extinct with them, or that female Neanderthals and male Sapiens did not produce fertile offspring".
     To say it in a more understandable way; the Neanderthal man could get fertile babies with the Homo Sapiens women but the Neanderthal women could not get fertile babies with Homo Sapiens men!
    Remember that the Bible says that the sons of the gods saw that the daughters of men were fair and that they took them to their wives? So might be the sons of the gods were Neanderthals?
Not forget the Denisovans
In this mix of archaic human races we must not forget the Denisovans; the human archaic rase which I earlier have mentioned. Even if we do not much about them since very few remains have been found, we know from the findings in the Denisova cave in Siberia that they had a high level of technological skills.
    It is believed that the Neanderthals arose in Europe and Asia about 250,000 years ago (some say 400,000 years ago), and it was earlier thought that they had Eurasia to themselves until Homo Sapiens replaced them about 40.000 years ago. Well, DNA discovered recently in Spain shows that Denisovans at some point in time resided in Western Europe, where Neanderthals were previously thought to be the only inhabitants. This is not a surprise to me since we for some time has known that ancient Denisovans managed to find their way to Africa, the Pacific islands, Australia and the Americas!
    DNA-testing shows that the Neanderthals and Denisovans were very closely related, and it is believed that they died out at about the same time. It is also believed that they interbred with modern humans. Into this mix of ancient hominin linage also comes the DNA (nuclear genome) of a yet to be identified homo species.
    Could the Denisovans have been the tall ones - the giants? Or might be the unidentified homo species?
"Homo sapiens superior"
Some people still ask about the missing link in human evolution: - Where is the species that supposedly is the cross between monkeys an humans?
    Well, modern scientists believe that there is more than enough evidence that the monkeys (primates) developed to Homo sapiens. Might be because they developed because were forced to stand up on two feet and use their brain in another way than before. Might be because changing climate. And they point to that there were many of the first homo species that died out: "The number of extinct side-branches is much larger than the number of true genealogical connections in the fossil record, and so when we find a fossil, we don't assume it's an ancestor of anything we interpret it as a sister group of some things, says paleoanthropologist John Hawks at the University of Wisconsin.
    Well, have you heard about "Homo sapiens superior"? I had not, - not before I mostly for fun made a web search for fictive homo-names/rases. "Homo sapiens superior" is a name from books and other media published by Marvel Entertainment: "Superhumans - humans born with a genetic anomaly that grants them an extra-normal ability not possessed by normal humans". Most of these superhumans in the fantasy world owe their powers to celestials; "cosmic entities who visited Earth millions of years ago and experimented on our prehistoric ancestors". Yes, almost like Sacharia Sitchin suggested but Sitchin did not give the new race of humans superpowers, they were slaves!
    The superhumans from the Marvel books are also called "mutants". Could a cross between a primate and an archaic human be the forefather of the mysterious rase that the scientists says we now nothing about? A tall race that had a even higher technology than the Denisovans? That died out, might be because they were hybrids with poor reproduction capabilities? Or might be cause their technology was so advanced that it went against the ecology of our planet - that they made themselves extinct in a catastrophe they unwillingly created?
Considered divine beings
As you have seen: We have legends all over the world telling about human giants, from the mountains of northern Tibet to the southern tip of South America. Most places they were considered divine beings, because of their size, their knowledge and technology. Very often they were said to be survivors of a gigantic catastrophe, and that they rebuilt the civilisation after memory. It seems to have been only male survivors, so they married human women - and that their offsprings became the rulers (kings, chiefs, emperors, pharaohs) of the countries where they turned up (often from across the sea). These semidivine giants were usually from 2-2.5 meters tall (7-8 feet) tall. And they rebuilt their civilisation from memory and by the help of the local humans.
Patagonian giants
Patagonian giants
Nabu - very tall
Nabu and normal people
Nabu - six fingers
Nabu - tall, six fingers
The Sumerian King list
The Sumerian King list
Heryshef Min
Heryshef and Min
Viracocha the creator.
Viracocha the creator
Tiki of Polynesia
Me and giant footprint
    There are proof that very tall human beings have lived; we have found bones after them - even mummies. And we have descriptions and drawings of living giants by the European explorers - even pictures like the ones of the giants of Patagonia!
    So we know quite a lot about the demigod that seems to have ruled the world after a gigantic catastrophe but what about the gods - their fathers? Well, we have some information about some of them, like the earlier mentioned Nabu, the Babylonian god of wisdom and writing, and also a principal deity of the Assyrians. He is definitely depicted as very tall; in some cases more than 3 meters (10 feet). And as many local gods from the ancient times; he is sometimes depicted with six fingers and hands clasped between the navel and the stomach. Nebu rode a sacred dragon that his father Marduk taken over from Tishpak, the local god of Eshnunna: Sirrush (Mušuššu).
    We have statues depicting some of the local gods from the time before the catastrophe/deluge, and some additional information about the first kings and the deities before them can be found in old king lists of Sumer and Egypt: The Sumerian King list from ancient southern Iraq tells that the first kingship was handed down from the gods. Is is often said that the predynastic antediluvian kings is fiction but list is quite accepted for later dates and kings. The early list names eight kings that ruled a total of 241,200 years from the fist kingship to the flood swept over the land. Alulim was the first king and the god Enki is said to have brought civilization to Sumer at about this time (some believe that Alulim was Adam of the Bible). After the flood the "kingship was lowered from heaven" once more. The Turian King list from Egypt lists a "reign of the gods" which occurred 36,620 years before the Menes, the founding pharaoh of the first dynasty. He shall have united Upper and Lower Egypt about 3050 BC (Manetho dates the reign of the god Ptah to 36,525 years before Menes). The Palermo Stone is a stela of black basalt supposedly engraved toward the end of the 5th dynasty (twenty-fifth century BC). It also has a list of list of gods and kings in ancient Egypt until the time of the god Horus, who shall have given the throne to pharaoh Menes. It also documents a number of early gods, such as Min and Heryshef (Arsaphes), both fertility gods.
Took the name of the creator god
We do not have simular ancient king lists in other places of the world and legends about the gods were brought back from the Americas, Asia and the Pacific by the first European explorers, tradesmen and missionaries. And often the legends were about the gods that created the humans after a gigantic catastrophe/deluge - like the Chinese goddess Nüwa (Nügua) that created mankind and repaired the broken pillars of heaven.
     Some places it seem like there were local "gods" that took the name of the creator god, like Viracocha of South America (also called Wiracocha, Apu Qun Tiqsi Wiraqutra, Con-Tici and other names). He was the creator god of the pre-Inca in the Andes region; he created the universe, sun, moon, stars and civilization itself. But he was also a "god" that suddenly turned up , made an strong impression on the local people - and left. Yes, this tall departing god seems to be the same as the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl and the Maya god Kukulkan. And also Gucumatz in Central America, Votan in Palenque, and Zamna in Izamal: A tall, bearded god with white skin and blue eyes. Might be this "Feathered Serpent" even travelled out to the Pacific Islands - might be he was the forefather of the very tall, white kings of Tonga?
   A myth of the Zuni Indians of New Mexico is interesting and a bit different (but also simular) to creation myths so many places. Awonawilona was their creator of the world - a divine spirit that did not take the shape of a human because he existed before everything else. After creating the universe Awonawilona became the sun and made the 'mother-earth' and 'father-sky', from where all living creatures came - born in four caves deep in the earth.
Who created God?
The God of the Christian faith created the universe and then the humans but who created God? The question might seems to be a valid one but Christian scholars say that the question is irrelevant; that God always has existed - and points to Genesis 1:1:" In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth." That God has no need to have been created; that God exists either outside time or within multiple dimensions of time.
    Well, it is not possible to see something that has not been created or exist in "multiple dimensions of time" (whatever that is). So it is not possible to see the God that created everything: you just have to believe that he is there - sometime, somewhere, somehow.
  Many ancient cultures of the world say that the universe was created by a Great Spirit (like Indian tribes of North America), and you will kind of find the same in the in Genesis 1:1-2: "And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters."
    The god of the Christian faith that created the humans was, as we have seen, one of many gods - the Elohim. And yes, they were indeed ancient giants!
Hidden history
As I started this article; I am more concerned about the most distant past of the human history than the creation of the universe, because it seems like we have a hidden history. A hidden history that I believe that we need to know more about. Yes, Thor Heyerdahl said it like this: "To say something about the future you must know the past".'
   In the seventeenth and eighteen century it was believed that the Earth in the past had been shaped by sudden and violent catastrophes, among them the flood of the Bible. But later this theory of catastrophism was replaced by uniformitarism: The theory that changes in the earth's crust during geological history have resulted from the action of continuous and uniform processes.
    Thor Heyerdahl asked me on the phone not long before he died in 2002 if we humans could have gone under to almost the last person one or several times in a for us unknown pre-history. He was afraid we might be doing the same mistake again by our of fossils fuels, he had seen serious climate changes all over the world.
    Well, to me it seems that is does not have to be a controversy between catastrophism and uniformitarism. The Earth can have been shaped by the same slow process that we see today with slowly moving tectonic plates and slowly rising mountains but we can also have had gigantic catastrophes! Solar storms can have created rapidly melting icesheets creating hundreds of meters tall tsunamis, large comets can have hit the land and sea and caused Armageddon, large volcanoes can have erupted spewing enormous amounts of CO2 in the atmosphere creating disastrous temperature rises.
Extinct species
Legends of ancient civilisations around the world tell about cycles of time; that humans, often helped by gods/deities, built advanced cultures that suddenly disappeared because of world wide catastrophes.
    There are several hundred flood myths all over the world - all very simular. We are getting more and more proof that we have had enormous catastrophes on our planet. Resent DNA researches are showing that humans have been moving around the world, across land and sea, - much further and at much earlier times than earlier believed. We have bones after humans that must have been called giants in their time, yes - we even have mummies of very tall people. All over the world there are megaliths that it should be impossible to make at the time in history the mainstream scientists say they were made; some that we should have trouble making today with modern tools.
A major problem when it comes to our distant past is that it is very hard for the pantologists, archaeologists and other scientists to see the big picture; they are all so specialised in their own field. But is it not about time to make an effort to uncover humanity’s hidden past? Should it not be possible to compare the ancient legends and religious scripts, and then to see how they fit inn with the ancient artefacts, megaliths and human remains that we have?
    Is it not about time we do this before we, might be for the fifth time, underestimate the Earth's fragile ecology and make Homo sapiens sapiens an extinct species?

© Terje Dahl

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Giants in the Old Testament: https://answersingenesis.org/bible-characters/giants-in-the-old-testament/

Gods in the Bible: http://jesusalive.cc/ques220.htm


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