Patagonia was what Magellan called the land close to
the southern tip of South America, during his voyage
in 1519. He encountered giants there, and it is said
the head of one of Magellan's middle sized men reached
but to the waist of the giants. There was another tribe,
which was called Tiriminen, who also were of a gigantic
stature, being 10 or 12 feet high, and continually at
war with the other tribes.
Peru's gold museum has golden-clad giant kings, but
it is private and not open to the public. The actual
mummified head of the crowned king in the photograph
is about twice as large as a normal head. A golden tunic
hung on the wall is made of spun gold, over eight feet
tall and tailored in such a way as to suggest that it
was not intended to drag on the floor behind a king,
but rather to hang straight down to the floor.
In 1543, Juan de Olmos, lieutenant governor of Port
Viejo, Guayaquil, ordered excavations be made in the
valley at the place where the natives claimed giants
were destroyed by fire from heaven. Olmos' party "...found
such large ribs and other bones that, if the skulls
had not appeared at the same time, it would not have
been credible they were of human persons.... Teeth
then found were sent to different parts of Peru; they
were three fingers broad and four in length."
The giants had "...come
by sea in rafts of reeds after the manner of large
boats, some men who were so tall that from the knee
down they were as big as the full length of an ordinary
The god Viracocha is described as being a bearded man
with white skin, hair on the face and beautiful emerald
eyes, wearing long white robes. He was also tall; A
giant? You find him many places: He was called Kukulkan
by the Mayas, Quetzalcoatl by the Aztecs, Viracocha
by the Incas, Gucumatz in central America, Votan in
Palenque and Zamna in Izamal.
The country of Mexico is rich in ancient artefacts
- and legends about giants. The largest of the pyramids
of the ancient city of Teotihuacan, those of the Sun
and Moon, were said by tradition to have been built
by the giants that existed in those days. Legend asserts
that Teotihuacan was built by giants with the purpose
to transform men into gods.
According to the local legends, giants lived in the
plains of Tlascala by the Olmecs, who came there before
the Toltecs. At the time of the Spanish Conquest, Bernal
Diaz, one of the chief chroniclers of the conquest of
Mexico by the Spaniards, was told of the huge stature
of these giants as well as their crimes; and, to show
him how big they were, the storytellers brought him
a bone of one of them, which he measured himself against,
and it was as tall as he, who was a man of reasonable
stature. He and his companions were astonished to see
those bones, and held it for certain that there had
been giants in that land.
Quetzalcoatl, the chief god of the ancient Mexicans,
was believed to be a red-haired, Caucasian giant who
wore a white tunic. He originally came to Central America
from the east, across the sea. However, despite all
the aid he had given the ancient Mexicans, Quetzalcoatl
had been driven away by an evil priest named Tezcatlipoca,
and had headed back to his homeland across the sea.
He was prophesied to return again at some point in the
future. Interestingly, in the same year that it was
believed that this light-skinned, bearded giant from
the east was prophecied to return, the light-skinned,
bearded Hernan Cortez met with the Aztecs for the first
According to a press clipping, dated Nayarit, May 14,
1926, Capts. D. W. Page and F. W. Devalda discovered
the bones of a race of giants who averaged over ten
feet in height. Local legends state that they came from
Ecuador. Washington Post, June 22, 1925: A mining party
found skeletons measuring 10 to 12 feet, near Sisoguiche.
The Los Angeles Times, October 2, 1927, says that explorers
located large human bones near Tapextla, indicating
a race of "gigantic size."
USA: A local farmer, had been digging a new well just
outside of Kossuth Center and struck a deposit of very
hard stone about nine feet below the topsoil. The stone
was not at all native to Iowa, but the type of stone
used by the Egyptians to build their massive monuments.
Seven mummified remains of some giant humanoid race
were seated in a ring around a very large and deep fire
pit. They were each fully ten feet tall even when measured
seated in their cross-legged positions. The foreheads
were unusually low and sloping, with exceedingly prominent
brows, and they had double rows of teeth in their upper
and lower jaws. The hair of each of them was distinctly
red in color.
USA: In 1911, several mummified remains of mysterious
red-haired humans ranging from 2-2.5 meters (6 1/2 to
over 8 feet) tall were disinterred in Lovelock cave
north-east of Reno, by a guano mining operation. These
substantiated the local Piute Indians' legends of such
people, which they called the Si-Te-Cahs. Scientists
proved oddly reluctant to investigate these remains
and eventually most the bones were simply discarded
by the miners. What was left was salvaged by various
local people, only for most of it to be destroyed when
the shed they were kept in caught fire and burned to
the ground. However, one of the Lovelock skulls, almost
1 foot tall, is preserved with some related bones and
artifacts at the Humboldt County Musuem in Winnemucca,
June of 1971 Lin Ottinger, an amateur geologist and
archaeologist, found human remains in a Cretaceous age
sandstone (supposedly more than 65 million years old)
in a Moab, Utah copper mine. He carefully uncovered
a portion of what later proved to be two fossilized
human skeletons. As the bones were uncovered, it soon
became obvious that they were in-situ and had not washed
in or fallen down from higher strata. The rock and soil
that had been above the remains had been continuous
before the dozer work, with no caves or major faults
or crevices visible. Thus, before the mine exploration
work, the human remains had been completely covered
by about fifteen (15) feet of material, including five
or six feet of solid rock. The bones were still joined
together naturally and stained green with copper carbonate.
USA: The picture shows one of many human footprints
contemporary with dinosaurs taken from the Paluxy River
located in Dinosaur Park near Glen Rose. The footprint
exceeds 45 cm (18 inches) in length. The cross-sectional
cuts determined through compression studies that it
was a woman's footprint. Estimates indicate her stature
approximately 305 cm (10 feet) and 454 kg (1,000 lbs).
Several strata of human prints with dinosaur prints
have been excavated in this park. According to Dr. Carl
Baugh, the archeologist who coordinated the excavations,
these strata were laid down during the first few days
of Noah's flood when water levels were low enough to
allow daily tidal changes to form layers of mud so fleeing
creatures could seek higher ground - the upper strata
showed no prints.
USA: In 1921, an Arkansan named Rowlands was digging
in one gravel pit on Crowley's Ridge, located two miles
north of Finch. At a depth of 10 feet, he found a large
rock-sculptured head of a man. It stood about 4 feet
high, and had a squared, protruding chin, small, tight-lipped
mouth, a short nose, and a furrowed brow and stare accented
by two flat "buttons" of inlaid gold for eyes.
Rowlands dug up a number of smaller objects: a gold
ring, a small coffer made of volcanic pumice (which
does not exist in this region), and tiny carvings of
men, animals, moons and stars. The head and artifacts
soon became a local attraction, and the newspapers dubbed
the glowering figure "King Crowley." Several
investigators authenticated the find, though they could
not explain its presence in the ten-foot layer of gravel
- geologically dated at 175,000 years.
USA: In 1833,soldiers digging a pit for a powder magazine
at Lompock Rancho, California, hacked their way through
a layer of cemented gravel and came up with the skeleton
of a giant man about twelve feet tall. The skeleton
was surrounded by carved shells, huge stone axes, and
blocks of porphyry covered with unintelligible symbols.
The giant was also noteworthy in still another respect
:He had a double row of teeth, both upper and lower.
When the natives began to attach some religious significance
to the find, authorities ordered the skeleton and all
the artifacts secretly reburied- and, of course, lost
to the scientific study they deserved.
USA: Near Crittenden, Arizona, in 1891, workmen excavating
for a commercial building came upon a huge stone sarcophagus
eight feet below the surface. The contractor called
in expert help, and the sarcophagus was opened to reveal
a granite mummy case which had once held the body of
a human being more than twelve feet tall -a human with
six toes, according to the carving of the case. But
the body had been buried so many thousands of years
that it had
long since turned to dust.
USA: In Seneca township was opened, in 1872, one of
the numerous Indian mounds that abound in the neighborhood.
This particular one was locally known as the "Bates"
mound. Upon being dug into it was found to contain a
few broken pieces of earthenware, a lot of flint-heads
and one or two stone implements and the remains of three
skeletons, whose size would indicate they measured in
life at least eight feet in height. The remarkable feature
of these remains was they had double teeth in front
as well as in back of mouth and in both upper and lower
jaws. Upon exposure to the atmosphere the skeletons
crumbled back to mother earth.
USA: Scientific American (1883): Two miles from Mandan,
on the bluffs near the junction of the Hart and Missouri
Rivers, is an old cemetery of fully 100 acres in extent
filled with bones of a giant race. The ground has the
appearance of having been filled with trenches piled
full of dead bodies of both man and beast and covered
with several feet of earth. In many places mounds from
8 to 10 feet high, and some of them 100 feet or more
in length, have been thrown up and are filled with bones,
broken pottery, vases of various bright colored flint,
and agates. The pottery, is of a dark material, beautifully
decorated, delicate in finish, and as light as wood,
showing the work of a people skilled in the arts and
possessed of a high state of civilization. Five miles
above Mandan, on the opposite side of the Missouri,
is another vast cemetery as yet unexplored. We asked
an aged Indian what his people knew of these ancient
graveyards. He answered: "Me know nothing about
them. They were here before the red man."
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